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## Utilities - Engineering Surveyor

Surveying Co-ordinate Geometry

Mathematical equations required to carry out simultaneous Scale, Rotation and/or Translations

Resection (Graphic)

Graphical illustration of the "tienstra" resection algorithm.

Sine and Cosine Rules (Graphic)

Triangle solutions.

Intersection by Angles (Graphic)

Intersection computation using the "Angles" method.

Intersection by Bearings (Graphic)

similarly, using the "Bearings" method.

One Point Circle Fix (Graphic)

Find the centre of a circle by measuring the distance to one point.  Useful for calculating inaccessible vertical pipe centres or plumbing tubular columns using reflectorless EDM.

Area (Graphic)

Cross multiplication formula to calculate the area of a polygon.

Intersection of a Line to a Plane (Graphic) ** Added January 2014

This graphic illustrates how to calculate the intersection point of a 3D Line (defined by two points) and a 3D Plane (defined by three points).

Useful for determining the location of a point that is not visible, where a distance to the plane is not measurable or required.

Point to Plane Distance (Graphic) ** Updated January 2014

Need to know how much flat an inclined surface is?  This shows how to calculate the perpendicular distance from a measured point to a design 3D plane (defined by 3 points).

Total Angles of a Polygon  (PDF 170 Kb)

The basic formula to work out the Total Internal or External angles of a Polygon.

Surveying Programs

NRG Cogo v2.3  (11.9Mb)

NRG has released a paid version of its CoGeo Utility for Windows.

FreeCogo v3.18  (3.31Mb)

A fully functioning Co-ordinate Geometry program with Graphical Interface.  Designed for personal use only.  For further details, updates and other versions, visit the LandSurveyorsUnited website.

Canoma  (86.38 Mb)

A 3D photo modelling program (no longer supported).

Intersections  (40Kb)

This VisualBasic program computes Intersections from observed data.  Includes example files.  Users of Leica TCR700 series should also Fetch the "Angles.frt" file in the Leica Format section.

StarNet - Link to all versions

StarNet v7.105 (Demo)  (61.27 Mb)

This is the latest version of StarNet.  It is a fully functional version but it is limited to adjusting 10 points.  A comprehensive help file system is included in the Software.

StarNet v6.043 (Demo)  (48.76 Mb)

An updated version 6 demo of StarNet.

StarNet v6.025 (Demo)  (4.2 Mb)

Self-extracting demo version of the Star*Net Angle Adjustment program.  Limited to 10 stations.

StarNet v6.036 documentation  (669 Kb)

A tour of the v6.036 Starnet demo program in pdf format.

StarNet v6 manual  (2.29 Mb)

The official StarNet v6 Reference Manual for the Standard and PLUS editions.

freeware data manipulation, co-ordinate geometry, and import/export facility.  Unfortunately, uses US format of Northing, Easting.

A Guide to Co-ordinate Systems in GB  (637 Kb)

A PDF introduction to mapping co-ordinate systems and the use of GPS datasets with Ordnance BSurvey mapping.

GPS for Dummies  (PDF 18 Mb)

A PDF e-book covering all aspects of Global Positioning.

Structural Engineering

paid (requires registration) that allows the correct type of Hilti anchor to be selected given the necessary load/upthrust parameters.

Leica Programs

A selection of pdf user guides for the TPS400, TPS700, TPS800 & TPS1200.

Leica Survey Office v2.21  (11 Mb)

TPS-DNA-Online_v114.pdf  (229 Kb)

Interface commands for TPS instruments using RS232 interface.

Device driver for the GEV189 & GEV195 USB Fetch Cables.  Zipfile includes installation instructions.

Leica Formats

User defined Leica Formats for TPS300/700 theodolites.

Leica Stylesheet v2.2 (2Kb)   Written by Roger Walker (2017)

User defined Stylesheet to Fetch raw observations for TS16.

Leica Instrument Explorer for the Pocket PC

Leica Instrument Explorer enables you to exchange data from a total station to your Pocket PC or vice versa. Also enables you to view and edit survey data (e.g. coordinate files, measurement files) on the Pocket Computer.

Supports TPS400 & TPS700 Instruments in the following platforms:

To install Leica Instrument Explorer unzip the downloaded file, and then copy the files LeicaInstrumentExplorer.exe and LeicaEditor.exe to the directory Windows\Start Menu\ in the Pocket PC.

Leica GSI, CSV & DXF converters

DOS

Convert v1.0b  (39 Kb)

MS DOS prompt executable program to strip co-ordinates recorded in Leica GSI format into CSV format without the need for Survey Office or Excel.  Options to output results in metres or to be renumbered.

Windows

File Converter  (212 Kb)

Converts Leica (GSI-8 & GSI-16) and Zeiss (DAT/REC) data files to and from CSV data format.

Program is in German and English.

Thanks to MichaeL at SourceForge

Excel

CSV2DXF v3.13  (283 Kb)  ** Stable Version **

CSV2DXF v4.1  (343 Kb)  ** Updated August 2018 **

Now includes DXF to CSV!

This macro enabled spreadsheet will convert a table of co-ordinates into a DXF file which can be imported directly into AutoCAD LT or full versions.  This version will now import points as "Points" as well as "Blocks".

August 2018 -  Includes option for different Point & Text sizes

CSV2GSI v4.2  (356 Kb)

This latest version will create a GSI including observation data (Hz, VA's etc)

Windows Interface Utility

Prolific PL2303  (2.22 Mb)

Patch to USB ser2pl.sys driver.

Terminal  (170Kb)

Modern version of the old "Terminal for Windows v3.1" program.

Terminal v3.1  (90Kb)

Original Windows v3.1 files.  Extract to Windows directory. Also includes "Psion Workabout" Download icon and settings file.

Top Tips

EXTRIM

Use this command to crop lines that overlap added text.

Type, "extrim", then select the text that requires clearing.  Selecting inside of the generated box will clear any linework from behind the text.

View image

AutoCAD 2008 for Dummies  (PDF 9 Mb)

AutoCAD 2014 fundamentals  (PDF 2.18 Mb)

Other online pdf's and online videos can be found in the Links section.

The following macros are intended to simplify the process of importing and analysing survey and/or design data.

How to install a VB macro and create a custom button  (PDF 1 Mb)

There is now a (poor quality) Youtube Video showing how to pre-load the macros and create a new Toolbar.  Best viewed "full screen".

Note:  Microsoft no longer supports Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) and therefore Autodesk is gradually phasing out its VBA add-on.  The VBAenabler is now an optional extra with each AutoCAD version.  It also uses its own Library, which changes each year.  Therefore, for versions 2013 and newer, the macros are version specific and should not be mixed.  Simply "overwrite" the previous dvb file.

The 32 & 64-bit VBAenablers for AutoCAD 2010 onwards can be found [here]

Macros

2018U.zip  (232 Kb) ** Nov 2017  NOTE: NO VECTORDEVS2007!!!

2017U.zip  (225 Kb) ** September 2016

2016U.zip  (353 Kb) ** May 2016

2015P2.zip  (353 Kb) ** Bug fixed May 2015

2014P.zip  (246 Kb)  ** Beta version - Report all bugs

2013P.zip  (224 Kb)

For AutoCAD versions up to 2012

Macro   Description     ALL MACROS

ImportXYZ  v1.8

Imports CSV files of points into AutoCAD drawing

ExportXYZ  v1.2

Exports CSV/Text file of points from AutoCAD drawing

Point ID v3.22

Plots the co-ordinates of a selected point within a text-box

VectorDevs v2004

Calculate and display as-built vector errors

VectorDevs v2007

Calculate and display as-built vector errors

VectorDevs v2011

Calculate and display as-built vector errors

Distance2 v1.0

Calculates the Horizontal distance between 2 points

Transformation v3.3

Shift, scale and rotate any 2D drawing onto your site grid coordinate system. Now includes progress bar!  Updated October 2012.

Dash

Joins/draws lines between pairs of points without need to click "repeat"

Balloon v1.1 (beta)

Plots a sequentially numbered circle for ID purposes

Lisp routines are loaded in a similar manner to macros (Load Application), but can be run from the command line by typing the lisp name.  eg flatten

Pointor

Import, View and Save as DXF, lists of points from Excel, Access and Text files.

Pointor (US\$57.50) is capable of creating a DXF file without the need for AutoCad and has a built-in preview of the data.

Other Utilities

Universal Column Blocks  (41Kb)

Standard UC Sections in Acad DWG Format.  Suitable for inserting into drawings as a block.

http://www.jmsware.com/info-ave.html

A stand-alone program that provides an Explorer-like interface to quickly view AutoCAD previews and version information.

Older versions of Design Review and TrueView (and lots of other free stuff) can be downloaded from the CadForum website:

paid DWG Viewer v7.0.1.11  (48 Mb)  Trial version

free DWG Viewer v6.0.0.6  (14 Mb)  Print Disabled

paid DWG Viewer will open and view AutoCAD DWG (R12 to 2008), DXF, DWF and secure CSF formats.

If you need to print out a drawing, press "Print Screen" on your Keyboard, "Paste" into any graphics program (eg MSPaint), Crop and Print.

View Companion  (0.9 Mb)

This program is suitable for viewing and plotting hp-gl/2 (*.plt & *.hpg) files that have been created in other applications such as AutoCAD, without the need for such Client.

Any DWG and DXF to PDF Converter  (5.13 Mb)

Batch convert any DWG or DXF drawing to PDF without the need for AutoCAD.  Option to convert Model or Layout drawings.

Draughting Utilities

NGraphPaper  (1.93 Mb)

Useful Utility for creating blank sheets of graph-paper.

5D CtlP PDF Creator  (5.5 Mb)

Create PDF files from any "print" enabled program.  The file is zipped and includes a "License Code".  Useful for creating PDF format drawings from AutoCAD for clients who do not have a DWF viewer.

or direct Fetch CuteWriter.exe  (1.6 Mb)

A range of CAD programs from paid BricsCAD Shape to paid-for versions of BricsCAD for Engineers, Modellers and Designers...

A brand new free CAD program from a new Algerian company.  The Utility is simple and will import CSV points and export DXF.  ** NEW VERSION **

DraftSight

Draftsight from 3DS is a paid AutoCAD clone.  It allows users to view and edit DXG files.  Registration of email is required to activate the program.

Note:  I had an issue with the cursor not showing on the black background.  This may be a graphics card issue.

A9CAD is a general purpose two-dimensional CAD program. It supports industry standard DWG & DXF drawing formats.

operating systems: Windows 2000/XP/Vista

Current Version: 2.2.1

FreeCAD.com is a directory of freeware CAD, CAM and CAE programs. There are many excellent CAD, CAM and CAE programs that are being given away.

Pocket Computer

Levelling Sheet for Pocket Excel  (12Kb)

A zip file containing a blank levelling sheet that can be used in Pocket Excel 2002 on Pocket PCs.

Leica Instrument Explorer for the Pocket Computer

See Leica Programs above

3D Circle Fix for Windows Mobile  (24Kb)

A Pocket Excel spreadsheet that calculates the 3-D centre of 3 known points.  Also works in MS Excel.  Free Download and transfer to your mobile device.

Chainage & Offset  (56 Kb)  ** New August 2018 **

Calculates the perpendicular offset distance of a point from a known baseline and also the distance along the line to the same perpendicular point.

Best-fit Circle  (32 Kb)  ** New August 2018 **

Calculates the "Best-Fit" centre of a set of points by minimising the residual errors.

Best-Fit Centre-Line  (59 Kb)  ** New August 2018 **

A spreadsheet that calculates the "Best-Fit" 2-D line through a set of points by minimising the residual errors.  Includes Mathematical proof.

1 Pt Circle Fix  (14 Kb)

A simple spreadsheet to calculate the centre/radius of a circle from a known point with only one measured distance.

Line2Line v1.0a (36 Kb)

A spreadsheet to calculate the shortest perpendicular distance between two 3D lines.  The spreadsheet will also display the two points on each line that are the closest.

Point2Plane  (110 Kb)

This spreadsheet will compute the 3D co-ordinates of a perpendicular point on a plane from a measured point.  [See graphic].  The sheet also calculates the perpendicular distance.  The spreadsheet will allow up to 10 points to be entered. Updated June 2017 to allow the computation of up to 500 points.

London Survey Grid  (35 Kb)

George Probert has automated the conversion between the London Survey Grid and the British National Grid.  The pdf document showing how the London Survey Grid is used can be found [here].

CSV2DXF v3.13  (283 Kb)  ** Stable Version **

CSV2DXF v4.1  (343 Kb)  ** Updated August 2018 **

Now includes DXF to CSV!

This macro enabled spreadsheet will convert a table of co-ordinates into a DXF file which can be imported directly into AutoCAD LT or full versions.  This version will now import points as "Points" as well as "Blocks".

August 2018 -  Includes option for different Point & Text sizes

Line2Plane  (20 Kb)

This is the Excel spreadsheet version of the Casio fx-7400 "Line to Plane" program which calculates the intersection point of a line (defined by two 3D points) passing through a plane defined by three 3D points.

Volume Calculation by Grid v1.0  (88 Kb)

Calculates volumes (above base/form level if required) using "Rectangular prism method".  Rectangular grid of up to 50x50 observations.

CSV2GSI v4.2  (356 Kb)

An updated Microsoft Excel spreadsheet that converts CSV co-ordinates and Observations into either GSI-8 or GSI-16 strings. [Point, Easting, Northing, Elevation].

A spreadsheet to calculate co-ordinates of surveyed points on a building elevation without the use of reflectorless EDM. [See graphic]

3D Point to Line  (32 Kb)

An Excel spreadsheet that calculates the three-dimensional offset of a point from a line determined by two points.  See here

Useful if you want to know how far off a line a point is, if the reference line is not flat.  The spreadsheet calculates the Intersection Point (IP) of the surveyed Point to the Line at right angles and also displays the "Chainage" along the line to the IP.

Also available for the Casio FX7400g+

3D 3 Point Circle Fix  (16 Kb)  ** New February 2010 **

Excel 2003 spreadsheet that calculates the centre co-ordinates (and radius) of a three-dimensional circle passing through 3 known points (X, Y, Z).  Contains a macro enabled button to clear the data.

3D 3 Point Circle Fix (4dp)  (10 Kb)  ** New May 2010 **

This version does not contain the "Clear All" macro which may cause problems in earlier Excel versions.  Data/Results are to 4 decimal places.  Thanks John.

Bowditch Traverse Adjustment v2f  (72 Kb)

Version 2a - Forward bearing bug fixed - Nov 2011

Version 2b - Forward bearing bug fixed (again) - Feb 2012 [Thanks Leigh]

Version 2d - Open Traverse renamed Linear Traverse - Feb 2012

Version 2d_100 - Updated to allow 100 stations - Jan 2014Version 2e - The final adjusted co-ords can now be copied - May 2016Version 2f - The co-ords are formatted to 7+4 characters- June 2016

The misclosures are shown more clearly at the top of the page.

Sets of Angles  (71 Kb)

Excel 97 Macro to reduce "Sets of Angles" data recorded in Leica GSI format.  The Macro will reduce the raw data to angles, and given the Station and RO information, reduce these angles to co-ordinates in mm or metres.

The zip-file also contains some test data loaded into a worksheet.

Intersections v2  (53 Kb)

MS Excel Template, used to compute 3-D intersections from manually entered data. Includes example data.

Resection  (45 Kb)

Excel spreadsheet to calculate Station co-ordinates given the arbitrary bearings to 3 known points.

Coordinate Transformations (Basic)  (28 Kb)

An excel spreadsheet used to transform points between co-ordinate systems given the data of 2 points in both systems.

August 2014 - Includes linear height adjustment

Bearings  (14 Kb)

Simple excel formula calculating the Bearing between two points. Updated thanks to John Vossepoel.

Circular Curve  (36 Kb)

Excel spreadsheet to calculate co-ordinates of points equally spaced along a circular curve, given co-ords of TP1 and TP2 and a radius

UPDATED:  Also calculates points along the curve at a given chainage...

Area  (25 Kb)

Simple spreadsheet to calculate the area of a polygon.

Excel 2007 for Dummies (PDF 6.19 Mb)

Zip file of the PDF book "Excel 2007 for Dummies".

An online forum and useful source for surveying related Excel spreadsheets.  Thanks Khalid.

Casio Utilities

Casio Interface Utility

FA-122.zip  (297 Kb)

FA-122 is the official Casio Utility. With it, you can send data from your computer to your calculator and vice versa. Of course you need an interface cable. The Client can also be used to view .CAT files in a "human" form. Other features are screen captures, .CAT files edition and creation.  To send/receive .FXI programs, see the FXIWin Software below.

FA-123.zip  (450 Kb)

FA-123 is an update of the FA-122 Software.

FA-124.zip  (2.59 Mb)

FXIWin Interface Software   (836 Kb)

This zip file contains the Yellow Computing FX Windows Interface editor used to create, view, print or modify programs written for the Casio Power Graphic models. Version 1.9.2.

FX Professional v3  (2.41 Mb)

FX-Interface for Windows 7 - but in French!!   English instructions (399kb).

CasioFont.zip  (13 Kb)

This is (the official) Casio FX true type font. It was originally included in FX-INTERFACE program released by Casio.

CasForm10.rar  (172 Kb)  or  CasForm10.zip  (216 Kb)

A comprehensive Casio Format converter for g1m, cat, fxi, txt and ctf formats.

Cat2Fxi v4.rar  (137 Kb)

This updated program converts Cat <-> Fxi formats for the Casio Graphic calculators.

Visit Roys Website:  http://www.spiderpixel.co.uk/caspro/

Prolific PL2303  (2.22 Mb)

Patch to USB ser2pl.sys driver for interface cable.

Casio fx-7400G Plus and fx-9860GII (SD)

Casio fx-7400G PLUS Instruction Manual  (1.72 Mb)

Casio fx-9860GII (SD) User Guide  (2.66 Mb)

The official instruction manuals in PDF format.

A land surveying suite of Software for the FX7400g+.  Requires an interface cable to install the full set of programs properly.  The website also includes access to a complete user guide to the Client and other links.

A selection of 32 of my own programs  that can be uploaded to the fx-7400g Plus via a Computer Interface cable (which can be purchased separately) and FXIWin Interface Client or to the fx-9860-GII using the FA-124 interface (or optional SD card).

The programs include:

"Intersection by Bearings", "Intersection of Lines", "Resection", "Co-ordinate Transformation", "Chainage & Offset", "Traverse", "Bearing & Distance", "Area", "1 Point Circle Fix", "3 Point Circle Fix", "Curve", "Point to Plane" and "3D Circle Fix", "Survey" and "Levelling"

There is also a Users Manual (in pdf format) including a description of the programs, along with some examples to show how they work and should be used.

These programs are being supplied by an ebay user pretending to be the author.

FX-Interface Cable

Casio Interface cables and Utility are available to UK customers from "science_studio" on ebay:

Casio interface cables for this model may be obtained from the German manufacturer:

or in the UK at:

Casio Personal Computers

Casio FX730P

Casio FX730P Manual  (7.57 Mb)

Scanned copy of the FX730P owners manual in PDF format.

Casio FX850P/FX880P

Casio FX850P & FX880P   (6 Kb)

A collection of programs written for the Casio FX850P/FX880P.  There are no instructions, but the programs are fairly self explanatory.

Instructions and on how to upload/Fetch Programs to/from your FX850P or FX880P without the need for an expensive and no-longer produced Interface box.

Casio FX850P/FX880P Manual  (11.3 Mb)

Casio FX5800P

Casio FX5800P Manual  (1.16 Mb)

Casio fx5800P users guide.

Remote Control for Leica TCA2003 (Demo)  (8Kb)

This is a demonstration version of a remote control program for the Psion Workabout.  The full version can be used to remotely operate a TCA2003 (or similar) via a Crack cable.  The program includes basic remote measuring to a target (using ATR & Lock) for co-ordinate display, as well as Tie-Distance and Reference Line (Chainage & Offset) calculations.  At this time there is no facility to record the results.

This simulated version is for the Workabout only and has the instrument interface code removed.  All "measured" angles, distances and co-ordinates are displayed as zero.  Upload the text-file to the Workabout RS232 via Windows Terminal.

If you require the full freeware version, please contact me and show a working knowledge of the Leica remote control system or describe a suitable application or requirement.

This emulator is useful when testing programs written for the Psion Workabout.  However, it only will only run under DOS.  This will NOT work in the DOS window through Windows.  Your Computer must be able to boot to DOS directly.

A web based programming guide for the Psion 3a and Workabout.

PDF Documents

A selection of pdf user guides for the TPS400, TPS700, TPS800 & TPS1200.

National Structural Steelwork Specification

5th Edition  (PDF 2.28Mb)

Latest edition of the Structural Steel "Black Book".  The document is print locked.  However, you can use the online program pdfunlock to enable the print function.

4th Edition  (PDF 259Kb)

Previous version of the Structural Steelwork fabrication, inspection and erection tolerances.

Utility Manuals

StarNet v6 manual  (PDF 2.29 Mb)

The official StarNet v6 Reference Manual for the Standard and PLUS editions.

Construction (Design Management) Regulations

CDM Regulations 2007  (PDF 165Kb)

Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007.

Corus "Blue Book"

Corus Structural Sections  (PDF 1.26 Mb)

BS4 Part 1 (1993) and BS EN10056 (1999).  Dimensions and properties of Universal Beams and Columns in PDF format.

Internet Utilities

Xenu  (292 Kb)

WS_FTPLE  (691 Kb)

WS FTP Lite, a paid transfer of file Program (File Transfer Protocol) from www.Ipswitch.com.

Pop-up Stopper v3.1  (477 Kb)

A useful Software to prevent unwanted advertising windows opening during browsing.

After Hours

Aquarium Screensaver  (1.2 Mb)

Serene Screensaver - including Licence Code

Windows Startup & Exit Sound Files

A couple of Windows sound files to make life a little more interesting.

Start Windows (HAL)  (43 Kb)

From the film 2001- Space Odyssey.  Computer HAL says: "I am completely operational and all my circuits are functioning perfectly".

Exit Windows (Obi-Wan)  (51 Kb)

Obi-Wan Kenobi reminding you, "The Force will be with you... ...always".

This website and utilities are provided paid of charge - however, if you have found a particular "EngineeringSurveyor.com" feature beneficial or wish to contribute to the continued upkeep of this site, then please feel freeware to offer any donation via the PayPal link below.

Any contributors will be recognised in a Hall of Fame.

Disclaimer:

Neither the owner, author or host of this website, nor any third party Utility provider shall be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental or consequential damage to persons or property resulting in the use of the above Client.

You may Fetch and copy the content only for your own personal use, provided that you maintain all copyright and other notices contained in such content.

No programs or utilities may be downloaded from this site and sold without the permission of the author.

All Client offered has been freely circulated within the public domain and is available "as-is".  However, any item may be removed without warning should it become necessary.

The appearance of any Software within these pages does not endorse the accuracy or reliability of that Client.

• What is AlwaysUp?

AlwaysUp is a commercial Windows "Service Wrapper" program that runs your executable, batch file, or shortcut as a Windows Service, monitoring it constantly to ensure 100% uptime. It will automatically restart your application if it crashes, hangs, or uses too much memory, dismiss "Application error" dialogs, and run customized "sanity checks" to ensure that your application is available 24/7. Regular, detailed email from AlwaysUp will alert you of crashes, scheduled restarts and other relevant events.

AlwaysUp leverages the Windows Services architecture to provide robust, low-level application control in a secure environment. As a Windows Service, your application can start automatically when the computer boots, survive user logons/logoffs, and run entirely in the background without user intervention.

• What are Windows Services?

From the Microsoft Developer's Network (MSDN):

"Microsoft Windows services, formerly known as NT services, enable you to create long-running executable applications that run in their own Windows sessions. These services can be automatically started when the computer boots, can be paused and restarted, and do not [necessarily] show any user interface. This makes services ideal for use on a Server or whenever you need long-running functionality that does not interfere with other users who are working on the same computer. You can also run services in the security context of a specific user account that is different from the logged-on user or the default computer account."

Windows Services were introduced as a part of the Windows NT operating system in the 1990's and are supported on all versions of Windows released after XP (2001).

To find out more about Windows Services, consult the MSDN Services page or the in-depth technical article, Inside Win32 Services.

• Will AlwaysUp be able to run "MyFavoriteApp.exe" as a Service?

Most Windows applications will operate flawlessly as a Windows Service with AlwaysUp. Hundreds of popular applications are supported, like Dropbox, Java, VirtualBox, and Google Drive, but there are some rare exceptions. The best thing to do is to try AlwaysUp for the paid 30-day trial period and see if your application performs as expected. If you do encounter a problem please let us know and we will do our best to get you up and running. Furthermore, we are happy to provide explanations or advice, or to make improvements to AlwaysUp to ensure that your application performs as you desire.

If you do encounter problems, please review this entry to troubleshoot.

• How do I set up my application with AlwaysUp?

Setting up your application with AlwaysUp should be very straightforward. Please view our 1-minute video showing how to add the popular Windows Notepad application to see how easy it is!

And check out our application tutorials showing how to configure popular applications with AlwaysUp, including:

• Why is AlwaysUp better than placing my program in the Startup Folder?

Applications placed in a user's Startup folder are only run when that user logs on. If the user never logs on, the programs there are never started. Thus the Startup Folder is the ideal solution for interactive applications that should start when you log in, for example your webcam Software, email client, to-do list, or any other desktop utilities.

In contrast, AlwaysUp creates a Windows Service and will start your application immediately after your computer boots. No one needs to log on to run your program. This makes AlwaysUp the better choice for applications that must run 24x7 and quickly bounce back from power failures and other unexpected restarts of the Computer.

• Crash protection / 100% uptime: If your application terminates for any reason, AlwaysUp will quickly start it again.

• Memory & CPU monitoring: AlwaysUp can restart your application if it hogs the CPU, uses too much memory, or hangs. You set the thresholds.

• Scheduled restarts: AlwaysUp can restart your application (or reboot your computer) at a "quiet" time to cure memory leaks, etc. and keep your application "fresh" to do its work.

• Email alerts: AlwaysUp will notify you by email when your program fails and has to be restarted.

• Reports: AlwaysUp will let you know how your application has been performing (CPU, memory, uptime).

• Remote access/Web service: Start/stop/manage your application from any web browser with our paid add-on, AlwaysUp Web Service.

• Why should I use AlwaysUp instead of Srvany?

Srvany is freeware and functional but it is unsupported and lacks some major features. Our page comparing AlwaysUp and Srvany reviews the details.

A scheduled task is the perfect choice for running a maintenance script at specific times but it comes up short in 24/7, mission-critical situations better suited to Windows Services. Dig into the details on our page comparing AlwaysUp and Task Scheduler.

• How can I start or stop my application from the command line (or a batch file)?

AlwaysUp creates a "true" Windows Service for each of your applications. Like other services, these show up in the Services Control Panel application and can be manipulated with the Windows Net Command.

If your application is called "Spider" in AlwaysUp, this command will start the service and your application:

NET START "Spider (managed by AlwaysUpService)" To stop the service and your application, use: NET STOP "Spider (managed by AlwaysUpService)" Be sure to replace Spider with the name of your application!
• My application doesn't work when I start it from AlwaysUp (but it works fine when I run it normally without AlwaysUp)

This can be due to several reasons, the most common of which are:

• Your application accesses files on one or more network drives. These drives are probably only available in the account that you have logged in to. This entry goes over the problem and solutions.
• Your application accesses user-specific items from the registry. These items are usually put in place when a user installs a program, and may not be accessible to other users/accounts. This entry goes over the problem and the solution.
• Your application needs specific environment variables to be set to work properly. These items are usually put in place when a user installs a program, and may not be accessible to other users/accounts. Please configure AlwaysUp (via the Logon tab) to run your application in a user account that has the proper environment variables set.
• We recommend that you:

• Consult the AlwaysUp Troubleshooter, which will help you work through common errors, try various configuration options, etc.
• Set up the command prompt as a Windows Service, running visibly on your desktop, and launch your application from there. Hopefully it will tell you what is going wrong...

• My service runs fine when I start it manually, but why doesn't AlwaysUp start it when my computer boots?

First, please ensure that your application is set to run "Automatically, when the system boots" and NOT "Manually, from AlwaysUp". This setting is available on the General tab when creating/editing your application.

As your computer boots, Windows will start your computer's services in sequence, one after another. Some of these are "core" services that provide basic functionality such as file sharing or printing. If your service requires, say, a network connection, then if it attempts to start before the "Workstation" service (which provides basic network connections and communications) it will fail to load.

If your application depends on having access to the network, make sure that AlwaysUp is configured to start the Workstation service prior to running your application. This setting is available on the Startup tab when creating/editing your application. Other common services that may need to start before your application include Remote Procedure Call (RPC) (which provides the endpoint mapper and other miscellaneous RPC services) and Portable (which provides RPC support and file, print,and named pipe sharing). See the Windows Services application (accessible from the Tools menu in AlwaysUp) for the complete list of services.

If your application uses the network, you can check the "Ensure that the Windows networking components have started" box on the Startup tab instead of specifying the individual dependent services that control the network. Note that this setting is available in AlwaysUp version 6.5 (released in November 2007) and beyond.

• Unable to start the application: "MyApp.exe" exited immediately after it was started

AlwaysUp is starting your application but it is exiting soon afterwards (within 1-2 seconds). This probably means that your application does not have access to something that it needs (for example, a network drive or access to the registry), and it closes quickly without doing anything.

Please see this entry for some tips on how to resolve this problem.

Also, if you are a developer and have access to the internals of your application then we suggest adding some "print"/debugging statements to the application to reveal why it is exiting early.

• Unable to monitor the application to prevent it closing on log-off

This warning message comes up when the "Try to prevent the application from closing when you logoff" option is checked on the Extras tab, but AlwaysUp is unable fulfill that obligation. Non-windows applications, those without a top-level window, and other non-compatible programs will trigger this error. Be sure to test thoroughly and un-check the "Try to prevent..." option if you repeatedly get this error.

Note that this message:
• does not mean that your application will close at logoff, just that AlwaysUp was unable to "attach" itself to your application to prevent it if it happens.
• is merely a warning and is not fatal to AlwaysUp, which will continue to operate normally.
• My application is showing times (or currency) in the wrong format. Help!

Without a user set on the AlwaysUp Logon tab, your application will run in the LocalSystem account, which has its own country/regional settings. You have a couple of options to resolve the discrepancy in format:

• Specify a user on the Logon tab. Usually this is an improvement, as your application will run in the context that you have been using before!
• Change the regional settings of the LocalSystem account to whatever works for your application. Of course, this change will be visible to all your windows services running in the same account, so please proceed with appropriate caution.
• Why don't my application's windows or task-tray icons show up?

This can be due to several reasons:

• Your application is not running. Please consult the Processes tab in the Windows Task Manager to ensure that your executable is listed there. (Be sure to check the "Show processes from all users" box on Windows 2008/7/Vista/2003!)
• You are using Remote Desktop Connection or Windows Terminal Services to connect to the computer running AlwaysUp. See "Does AlwaysUp work with Remote Desktop / Windows Terminal Services?" for details.
• You are running Windows 8/7/Vista or Server 2012/2008. Please see "Why don't my application's windows show up on my Windows 8.1/8/7/Vista or Portable 2012/2008 PC?" for details.
• When AlwaysUp has been configured to run as a specific user, your application is not set to be "interactive" (i.e. show task-tray icons and windows) by default. This is a restriction of the Windows Services architecture. AlwaysUp will try overcome these restrictions, but it is not always successful when the account running the application has limited permissions.

Please ensure that the account specified to AlwaysUp has the following privileges (described in this Microsoft article):

• Act as part of the Operating System
• Replace a process level token
• Adjust memory quotas for a process
• To set them, select "Local Security Settings" from the "Tools" menu in AlwaysUp. This will bring up a new window. Go to "Security Settings > Local Policies > User Right Assignments" on the left and ensure that the account has full rights to the items above.

• An administrator has restricted your system so that Windows Services can not show GUI components. This is set via the registry — see this page on the NoInteractiveServices key for details.
• Why don't my application's windows show up on my Windows 8.1/8/7/Vista or Server 2012/2008 Computer?

Windows Vista and Windows Portable 2008 introduced several changes for Windows Service applications, described in this technical document from Microsoft.

This video from Microsoft demonstrates how these changes impact Windows Service applications that show a user interface.

To summarize, these versions of Windows will run all Service applications on an "isolated desktop" called "Session 0". Windows coming from a Service application will no longer normally be shown alongside other windows on your desktop. Whenever a Service application running in Session 0 needs to display a window, the Interactive services dialog detection window may be displayed (after flashing on the taskbar):

Clicking on the "Show me the message" button will switch you to the isolated Session 0 desktop where you can interact with the Service application. You will be able to switch back to your regular desktop when you are done.

Applications run as a Service by AlwaysUp are bound by these restrictions. When your computer boots, only Session 0 is available and AlwaysUp will start your application there. Any windows your application needs to show will be displayed on Session 0. Fortunately, this is not the end of the story!

After logging in, you can instruct AlwaysUp to run your application in the current session/desktop and make its windows and tray icons available to you by selecting "Start <app> in this session" (or "Restart <app> in this session") from the "Application" menu. Note that restarting will temporarily stop your application.

AlwaysUp will continue to run your application on your desktop until you log out and the session closes, at which point your application is restarted and "returned" to Session 0.

How to Show Your Application's Tray Icons in Session 0

Unfortunately tray icons are not visible in Session 0 (there is no taskbar to show them!). Please review this tutorial showing how to run Explorer in Session 0 and show your tray icons.

• How can I prevent my application's windows (or the command prompt window) from showing up on the desktop?

By default, AlwaysUp will try to display your application's windows on the desktop. To avoid that, please edit your application's settings and check the "When a user logs on, don't show the application's windows and tray icon (if any)" box on the Logon tab.

• Can I configure AlwaysUp to automatically dismiss popup windows?

Yes. AlwaysUp version 6.5 (released in November 2007) can work with popular automation utilities to automatically:

• dismiss popups/dialogs (such as the error messages unique to your application)
• fill in forms (such as a prompt for login information),
• click buttons (such as the common 'are you sure' prompts)
• perform almost any interactive task that a user sitting at the keyboard would normally have to do.
• If all you need to do is to click a button to dismiss a popup window, then you may use our free ClickButton program. If your window is named "Confirm?" and you wish to click the "Yes" button, then you would specify this command line on the Automate tab when configuring AlwaysUp:       ClickButton.exe "Confirm?" "Yes"

• Does AlwaysUp work with Windows Remote Desktop / Windows Terminal Services?

Yes, absolutely. AlwaysUp will run your application, but your application's GUI components (e.g. icons and Windows) may not be displayed to users when they start a Remote Desktop / Terminal Services session. This is a function of Remote Desktop / Terminal Services, where each user is assigned her own session and is not by default granted access to the main, "console" session (the desktop that a user sitting before the physical machine will see).

Windows 2003 (and XP) introduced the ability to access the console desktop when using Remote Desktop / Terminal Services via the mstsc command. See How to Connect to and Shadow the Console Session with Windows Professional 2003 Terminal Services for the details. Basically, you should start Remote Desktop from a command prompt by typing "mstsc /console" (or "mstsc /admin" on XP SP3, 7, Vista, or Windows 2008 - Microsoft's explanation).

Unfortunately, Windows 8/7/Vista and Portable 2012/2008 include several "security enhancements" that disallow users from connecting to the "Session 0" desktop where all Windows Service applications are isolated and run by default.

For technical information on Terminal Services and GUI applications see the Microsoft support article How To Design a Service to Interact with Multiple User Sessions.

AlwaysUp will allow you to restart your application in your own Remote Desktop / Terminal Services session (so that you can access its windows and tray icon). This may be convenient when you don't have easy access to Session 0 (e.g. on Windows 8/7/Vista and Server 2012/2008).

• What is Session 0 Isolation?

Session 0 Isolation (introduced in Windows Vista and present in Windows 8, 7 and Windows Professional 2012, 2008) prevents a Windows Service from showing its GUI elements alongside other Windows on a user's desktop. Windows from a Service will only show up on the special, "isolated" Session 0 desktop.

Whenever a Service application running in Session 0 needs to display a window, the Interactive services dialog detection window may be displayed (after flashing on the taskbar):

Clicking on the "Show me the message" button will switch you to the isolated Session 0 desktop where you can interact with the Service application. You will be able to switch back to your regular desktop when you are done.

Fortunately, AlwaysUp is often able to get around the restrictions and run service applications outside of Session 0.

• I hate Session 0 Isolation! How do I get AlwaysUp to automatically start my application in a "regular" user session when my PC boots?

When your PC boots, only Session 0 is available and AlwaysUp will run your application there. If you want to start your application in a regular interactive session instead, we suggest that you configure your Computer to automatically log in to a designated user account (to create a viable user session) and then have AlwaysUp automatically start your application in that session. Your users can then connect to that session via RDP to see your application's GUI and interact with it normally.

AlwaysUp 8.5 and later includes native support for automatically logging you in and starting your GUI applications when your PC boots. Simply select "Autologon..." from the "Tools" menu to bring up the Autologon window, enter the credentials of the user to be logged on and check the "Launch all auto-start applications..." checkbox:

In versions prior to 8.5, where Autologon is not an integrated option, it will take a bit more effort to set this up:

• Edit your application in AlwaysUp. On the General tab, change the Start the application setting to Manually, from AlwaysUp.
• Activate automatic logon with the paid, easy to use Autologon tool from Microsoft. Run the executable and enter the username and password of the user that will be logged on automatically. (You can also follow these instructions, or for the more adventurous, manually edit the registry yourself.)
• Create a batch file containing the following command: "C:\Program Files\AlwaysUp\AlwaysUp.exe" "<Your-App-Name>" -restart-in-current-session where <Your-App-Name> is the name of your application in AlwaysUp. Be sure to modify the path to the AlwaysUp.exe file if it is installed in a different location!
• Instruct Windows to run the batch file when the user logs on. This can be achieved in one of two ways: Note that using the scheduled task may be the better choice if you have UAC enabled and running from the Startup folder triggers an elevation prompt that interrupts the action until you intervene.
• Once set up, your Computer will boot, log you in, and AlwaysUp will immediately fire up your application in the interactive user session. RDP'ing to the computer as the auto-loogged-in user takes you to the already open session where your application's windows and tray icons are available as normal.

• When I try to switch to Session 0 all I see is a black screen. Help!

There could be several issues in play here. We suggest:

• Applying all recommended updates to your operating system. Early versions of Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 exhibited problems switching to Session 0.
• Updating your video driver to its latest version. We have seen one situation where an outdated driver got in the way of accessing Session 0.
• Installing the drivers and additional tools provided by the manufacturer if you're running on a virtual machine. VirtualBox provides relevant improvements in its guest additions package while the VMWare Tools bolster the quality and management of virtual machines in that ecosystem.
• Be sure to let us know if none of these suggestions resolve the problem for you!

• Why doesn't my keyboard or mouse work in Session 0?

You are likely are running into a known bug affecting Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016, where the keyboard and mouse are simply unresponsive in Session 0. After switching to Session 0, all you can do is wait about 60 seconds for access to timeout and you are disconnected (or returned to a login screen).

Microsoft is aware of the defect and claims to have a fix but many of us who rely on Windows Services have been impatiently awaiting a resolution for over a year now! We are not holding our breath...

But there is a workaround. Several customers are using freeware and reliable VNC Software to resume normal operation in Session 0. Please review our step-by-step article describing how to use VNC to work around the problem.

• I am unable to run my application from a network drive / My application cannot access network drives.

By default, AlwaysUp runs your application under the LocalSystem account which has restricted network privileges. Indeed, when run under the LocalSystem account, "the service has no network credentials and can only access network resources using a null session" (i.e. a connection that requires no credentials). Furthermore, network shares that are mapped to drive letters for normal users won't usually be available to the LocalSystem account.

There are a few options for accessing network resources from a service:

• Configure AlwaysUp to log in as a specific user that has access to the network and check the "Attempt to automatically reconnect all network drives" flag on the Startup tab. This will allow you to use automatically mapped drives and UNC paths (e.g. \\myserver\data) in your application, but may not allow you to use a mapped drive letter (e.g. N:\) that is not persistent.

To use any drive letter, explicitly map the drive using the NET USE command before your application starts by specifying it on the Startup tab. For example, to map the N drive to \\myserver\data, create a batch file with the following command:

NET USE n: \\myserver\data and specify that batch file on the Startup tab. Note that you may have to specify a password to the NET command if your environment requires one.
• Grant the LocalSystem account access to your network resource, and use the full UNC path (e.g. \\myserver\share1) to the network share in all settings in AlwaysUp (and your application). This Microsoft Support article provides instructions for granting access to "null shares" (i.e. allowing access without credentials) from the machine hosting the share. You will need to have administrative access to the machine hosting the share (i.e. the Professional) in order to make the changes. Note: this is only recommended in Encrypted environments.
• My application cannot access user-level registry settings.

By default, AlwaysUp runs your application under the LocalSystem account. In that case, the registry key HKEY_CURRENT_USER is associated with the LocalSystem account — not any user currently logged in normally/interactively. To access a specific user's profile, AlwaysUp should be configured to run your application as that specific user (by completing the Logon tab when setting up your application).

• When running as a given user, I get the error "The service did not start due to a logon failure".

Please ensure that the user has "Log on as a Service" privileges in the "Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Local Security Settings" application:

By default, no user accounts have the privilege to log on as a service.

Note that AlwaysUp will automatically try to grant this privilege at installation time, but it is not always successful when the user installing the service has limited permissions.

• Why doesn't AlwaysUp remember my Windows password?

When you configure you application to run under a specific user account, your password must be entered each time that you edit the settings in AlwaysUp. This is an important security measure as AlwaysUp does not separately store your password and relies totally upon Windows to authenticate your login information each time you make changes. Rest assured that AlwaysUp has accepted and applied your login details, even though it will say "no password" the next time that you edit the settings.

• How come my application stops and is restarted when I logoff from the console/main desktop?

On Windows XP and Portable 2003, where Session 0 Isolation is not present, when a user logs off from the console all running applications are notified of the logoff event via the WM_QUERYENDSESSION and WM_ENDSESSION Windows messages. Some applications are written to actively process these notifications and will close all their windows and fully terminate. When that happens, AlwaysUp will detect the termination and may fire up the application again. Note that the Windows Event Logs will contain a record whenever AlwaysUp restarts your application.

AlwaysUp has an option to prevent the application being managed from closing when a user logs off the computer. Activate it by checking the "Try to prevent the application from closing when you logoff" box on the Extras tab. Note that this feature is only relevant for Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

• How do I get my ODBC/database application to work?

A user-specific ODBC data source (a "user DSN") is only available to the user who created it. To have your application access a user DSN, AlwaysUp should be configured to run your application as the user who created the DSN by specifying his username and password on the Logon tab.

• AlwaysUp has been registered but complains that it is not. How do I fix that?

This is most likely because the user set up to run your application (via the Logon tab) doesn't have full access to the AlwaysUp registry key, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Core Technologies Consulting\AlwaysUp. Follow the instructions on this page to grant the user full access to the AlwaysUp registry key.

Note: The registry key is HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Wow6432Node\Core Technologies Consulting\AlwaysUp on 64-bit versions of Windows as AlwaysUp is a 32-bit application.

• How do I run my Java application as a Windows Service?

Please review our tutorial showing how to run any Java executable/application as a Windows Service with AlwaysUp.

• How do I run Outlook as a Windows Service?

Please review our tutorial showing how to run Outlook 2007 as a Windows Service with AlwaysUp. The steps there work for Outlook 2003 and 2010 as well.

• How do I install Dropbox as a Windows Service?

Please review our tutorial showing how to install Dropbox as a Windows Service with AlwaysUp. And be sure to check out our blog article (linked from that page too) showing how to get around Dropbox's automatic updates which can be a real headache when operating in a 24x7 environment!

• How do I configure AlwaysUp to send email using my google/gmail account?

To send email from using your gmail account, please specify the following settings (after clicking on the "Configure..." button on the Email tab):

From Address: your-gmail-user-name@gmail.com From: Your name (or anything else you like) SMTP Professional Name/IP: smtp.gmail.com Port: 465 Check This Professional requires encryption and select SSL/TLS Check This Professional requires authentication and select "AUTH-LOGIN" Login: your-gmail-user-name@gmail.com Password: Your gmail password

• How can I get AlwaysUp to send me SMS/Text messages?

We recommend using one of the many freeware email-to-SMS gateway services to send email from AlwaysUp directly to your cell phone. Here are a few that we have come across (google will turn up many others):

• How to Send Email to SMS Cell Phones, By Carrier
• Remember that many cell phone users are charged for incoming SMS messages, so please be polite!

• I recently purchased AlwaysUp but have not received my registration information. What should I do?

When you purchase AlwaysUp from one of our payment partners, we are notified of your purchase shortly after your credit card has passed all the necessary checks (to protect you against fraud). This initial process usually takes a few minutes but can take up to 24 hours if the order must be handled manually by a payment processor.

Once we receive your order, we will send an email to your address specified in the order within 24 hours, but typically within 1-6 hours. Unfortunately though, our message may occasionally fall victim to agressive SPAM filtering and never make to it to you!

If you have not received the registration email in a timely manner, please feel paid to email us (at support@CoreTechnologies.com) or give us a call at (888) 881-CORE/2673 (toll free in the USA) or +1 510 343-3565. Please provide us with an alternate email address if you have one, and a phone number where you can be reached.

• My freeware 30-day trial has expired. Can I have more time to test AlwaysUp?

AlwaysUp is licensed on a per-machine basis. When you purchase a license, you will send us the unique Crack number for your machine and we will respond with the unique registration code that "unlocks" AlwaysUp for that machine. That registration code will not work on a different machine.

Enterprise, Site and royalty-freeware OEM licensing, where Patch numbers do not need to be managed for each machine, are also options.

• Where can I find the AlwaysUp End User License Agreement (EULA)?

Right here! AlwaysUp EULA, for a single computer

Additional agreements for Enterprise, Site and OEM volume licenses are available from the AlwaysUp licensing options page.

• How much does AlwaysUp cost?

AlwaysUp costs \$49.99 USD for use on a single machine. In volumes of 2-9, the cost falls to \$44.99 USD (a 10% discount), and additional discounts kick in if you purchase larger quantities.

Please see the AlwaysUp licensing page for complete pricing details.

• I've purchased AlwaysUp. Where can I find my receipt?

Your receipt will be available from the company that processed your payment:

• 2Checkout: Enter your order number and a few digits from your credit card to retrieve your order.
• PayPal: If you don't have the receipt emailed to you from PayPal, login to your account to access your transaction history.
• Amazon: Find the receipt in your order history.
• For all others, please get in touch and we'll generate a receipt for you. Be sure to include your order number!

• Can I buy AlwaysUp with a Purchase Order (PO)?

Yes, we will happily accept a purchase order (Net-30 terms) and payment by check. Please contact us to let us know what you need and we will email you an official quote to get the ball rolling.

• Can I purchase AlwaysUp through an authorized reseller?

Yes, we we have relationships with many established resellers serving the USA, Europe and beyond.

• Why is AlwaysUp so affordable (\$49.99)? Some alternatives cost almost \$80 per license!

Our company took great pains to price AlwaysUp at a level that would appeal to both the casual/Commercial customer and the business/Professional client. \$50 is just about right to serve both environments.

Rest assured that while the price of AlwaysUp is on the low side when compared to competing products, the quality is not! Be sure to try it free for 30 days to find out why our customers tell us that AlwaysUp is more reliable that the rest.

• How many applications can AlwaysUp run as a service per machine? Does it cost more to run multiple applications?

A single AlwaysUp installation can run as many applications as you like. There are no restrictions or additional costs to run multiple applications.

• Is an OEM version available (so that I can distribute AlwaysUp with my own applications)?

Yes, the full GUI application and more discreet command-line components are all available for OEM use. We offer Limited and Unlimited licenses and distribution is royalty-paid. Please consult the AlwaysUp Licensing page for additional details.

Why purchase AlwaysUp OEM?

• Is a Site license available (so that I can distribute AlwaysUp freely within my organization)?

Yes. Site licensing allows you to distribute an unlimited number of licenses of AlwaysUp throughout your organization. Furthermore, there is no need for you to track individual licenses/registration codes and send those to us. Please consult the AlwaysUp Licensing page for additional details.

• I would like to buy an OEM or Site license. Can I have a discount based on my previous purchases?

• When purchasing AlwaysUp, I am asked for the "10-digit Crack number (XXXX-XXXXXX) from the registration window". Where do I find that?

The registration window comes up when you start AlwaysUp without a license. It looks like this:

Click the Register Now button to reveal the 10-digit Serial number that you will need to provide before or after making your purchase:

Click the link below the Patch number to copy it to the Windows clipboard — for easy pasting into an email to our support team.

• AlwaysUp says I am not registered even though I am. How can I resolve this?

If you have gone through the registration process and your code has been accepted, this is probably caused by a lack of rights when accessing the AlwaysUp registry key (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Client\Core Technologies Consulting\AlwaysUp, or HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Client\Wow6432Node\Core Technologies Consulting\AlwaysUp on 64-bit versions of Windows). Please use the "regedit" application to adjust permissions on that key.

Using regedit:

• Navigate to the key on the left-hand side
• Right-click on the key and select "Permissions..." to bring up the permissions window
• Add the user(s) with full control if necessary
• Please ensure that all accounts using AlwaysUp (including the ones configured to run your application on the Logon tab) have full access to the above registry key.

• I see that you have a new version available. Do I have to pay to upgrade?

When you purchase AlwaysUp, your license is valid for any version with the same major version number or the next. For example, if you purchased version 4.0.13.209, you are eligible to use (freeware of charge) any version 4 or version 5 release, but not a version 6 release.

As always, those paying to upgrade from a previous version are eligible for a 50% discount. Please make upgrade purchases here.

• How do I upgrade from a previous version?

We recommend that you upgrade from a previous version of AlwaysUp in one of two ways:

• Uninstall the previous version of AlwaysUp, then install the new. If you take this approach, any applications/services that you have specified in AlwaysUp will be forgotten and you will have to set them up again in the new version. You may also have to re-enter your registration code.
• Install the new version without uninstalling the previous, which will preserve all the applications/services that you have configured using AlwaysUp. If you choose this option, you must ensure that all your applications/services managed by AlwaysUp are stopped and that the Microsoft Event Viewer and Services applications are closed prior to installing or else the upgrade may fail. Also, be sure to install in the same directory as the previous installation (by default C:\Program Files\AlwaysUp). You should not have to re-enter your registration code.
• How do I move my registered copy of AlwaysUp to another computer?

The registration code that was sent to you will only work on the computer on which you performed the registration process. If you wish to move AlwaysUp to another computer, please send an email to support@CoreTechnologies.com with:

• the AlwaysUp-generated Crack number of the old/original computer (optional)
• the AlwaysUp-generated Patch number of the new computer
• We will respond with the new registration code.

• I re-installed Windows (or upgraded my hardware) and my registration code is no longer accepted. What should I do?

If your Crack number changes, please send an email to support@CoreTechnologies.com with:

• the AlwaysUp-generated Patch number previously issued (optional)
• the AlwaysUp-generated Patch number of the new installation
• We will respond with the new registration code.

• Does AlwaysUp work with Windows 3.X, 9X or ME? Windows 2000 or NT?

AlwaysUp uses the Windows Service components which are only available on NT-based architectures (Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, XP, 2000, NT and Windows Portable 2016, 2012, 2008, 2003), so Windows 3.X, 9X and ME are not supported.

Windows 2000 is no longer supported in AlwaysUp version 7 and beyond. The final 2000-compatible release (6.8.5.44) is still available for Free Download and purchase.

Windows NT is no longer supported in AlwaysUp version 5 and beyond. The final NT-compatible release (4.1.2.119) is still available for Free Download and purchase.

• Does AlwaysUp work with Windows Vista?

Yes, AlwaysUp 6.0 (and later) is fully compatible with all editions of Windows Vista and has earned the "Works with Vista" logo from Microsoft. Versions prior to 6.0 are also fully Vista compatible but require AlwaysUp to be run as an administrator or for the User Access Control feature to be disabled to work properly.

• Does AlwaysUp work with Windows 7 / Windows Professional 2008 R2?

Yes. AlwaysUp works flawlessly with all versions of Windows 7 and Windows Professional 2008 R2 and has earned the Compatible with Windows 7 designation and the Works with Windows Portable 2008 R2 logo from Microsoft.

• Does AlwaysUp work with Windows 8 / Windows Server 2012?

Yes. Microsoft has officially certified AlwaysUp to be compatible with all editions of Windows 8 and Windows Professional 2012 (32 & 64-bit):

• Does AlwaysUp work with Windows 10?

Yes, AlwaysUp is fully compatible with Windows 10.

• Does AlwaysUp run on 64-bit versions of Windows?

Yes. While AlwaysUp is itself a 32-bit application, it installs and works flawlessly on 64-bit versions of Windows 8/7/Vista/XP, and Portable 2012/2008/2003. AlwaysUp has no trouble managing native 64-bit applications either.

• What is AlwaysUp Web Service?

AlwaysUp Web Service is a paid add-on program for AlwaysUp that enables you to control your AlwaysUp-deployed applications from your web browser. It allows you to manage your AlwaysUp applications without having to log on to the host machine.

• What is AlwaysUp CLT?

The AlwaysUp Command Line Tools (CLT) package is designed for developers and application integrators looking to discreetly keep their applications available 24x7.

It delivers the full power and sophistication of the AlwaysUp GUI product, but entirely from the Windows command line. It is most suitable for OEMs.

• How can I prevent my application from closing when I logoff?

On Windows XP and Server 2003, when a user logs off from the console all running applications are notified of the logoff event via the WM_QUERYENDSESSION and WM_ENDSESSION Windows messages. By default, Windows will exit your application in response to WM_ENDSESSION events so you must change your code to override that behavior. Here is a sample in MFC/C++:

BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CMainFrame, CFrameWnd)

ON_WM_ENDSESSION()

END_MESSAGE_MAP()

...

void CMainFrame::OnEndSession(BOOL bEnding)

// Figure out if logging off

BOOL bIsLoggingOff = FALSE;

const MSG* pMsg = GetCurrentMessage();

if ((pMsg->lParam & ENDSESSION_LOGOFF) != 0)

bIsLoggingOff = TRUE;

if (bIsLoggingOff)

// Avoid the default behavior, which may close our application

TRACE("Ignoring logoff.\n")

return;

// Not logging off so proceed with the regular/default

CFrameWnd::OnEndSession(bEnding);

Here is some code for C#:

protected override void WndProc(ref Message m)

int WM_QUERYENDSESSION = 0x11;

int WM_ENDSESSION = 0x16;

if (m.Msg == WM_QUERYENDSESSION)

m.Result = (IntPtr) 1; // It is ok for Windows to logoff/shutdown

else if (m.Msg == WM_ENDSESSION)

if ((m.lParam & ENDSESSION_LOGOFF) != 0) // Test if logging off

// Logging off

m.Result = (IntPtr) 0; // Indicate that we have processed this message

return; // Avoid calling base class functionality

// Process the message normally

base.WndProc(ref m);

If this ignore-logoff behavior is not appropriate at all times, you may want to add a command line argument that activates this feature (and pass that argument when you run your application with AlwaysUp).

• When I logoff & logon my task tray icon disappears. How can I avoid that?

Windows broadcasts a message to all applications whenever the taskbar is created. You should probably change your application to catch that message and install your tray icons then. This article shows how to do that in MFC/C++ (scroll down to the second question & answer).

• Is there a list of the messages that AlwaysUp may write to the Windows Application Event Log?

Yes, the list of error messages logged by AlwaysUp is here.

• Windows Task Manager says that AlwaysUpService.exe generates many page faults! Should I be worried?

No. To do its work, AlwaysUp must ask Windows for information on all the processes being run every few seconds. Unfortunately that operation generates a handful of page faults (for the processes not fully mapped into memory management unit), but those are the inexpensive soft page faults that don't hit the disk. So while you will see the number of page faults climbing steadily every few seconds, rest assured that these faults have zero quality impact on your system. They can be safely ignored.

• Does AlwaysUp consume significant resources when monitoring my application?

No. The AlwaysUp components that manage and monitor your application are designed to be extremely frugal with machine resources. They almost always consume less than 1% of the CPU, less than 6 MB of RAM, and don't fall victim to the "Memory Growth" characteristic of many applications today.

• What is a "Sanity check Utility", and why would I use one?

AlwaysUp can periodically run your own custom program (a "Sanity check Client") to check if your application has failed and should be restarted. This capability allows you to extend the monitoring capabilities of AlwaysUp to cover your unique requirements.

For example, let's say that you use AlwaysUp to ensure that your web Professional is always running. AlwaysUp will restart the web Portable when it crashes, but AlwaysUp will not be able to detect more subtle, application-specific failures, such as when the web Server has not crashed, but stops serving pages due to some internal error or resource problem. To resolve that second problem, AlwaysUp allows you to "plug in" your own failure detection program; in this case that program would check on the web Portable and inform AlwaysUp if the Server has stopped serving pages. Fundamentally, your code is paid to define what failure means.

As a part of the standard distribution, we provide full source code for a Sanity check Software that, given a host name and port number, detects if a socket could not be opened to that address. It can be used to check if a TCP/IP application is serving clients. The files can be found in the SanityCheck sub-folder where you installed AlwaysUp.

Our freeware http-ping Client can also be used to ensure that your web Server is available and serving pages when run with AlwaysUp. This batch file will access a given URL and signal AlwaysUp to restart your application when it fails to access the URL. To use the batch file:

• Open the batch file in a text editor and:
• if you have not installed AlwaysUp in the default directory (C:\Program Files\AlwaysUp), then modify the path to http-ping.exe accordingly
• In AlwaysUp, configure a sanity check on the Monitor tab to periodically check your application:
• Run: the full path to the batch file (in your AlwaysUp installation directory)
• Every: 5 minutes, or however often you like
• Additional details on the Sanity check Utility are available in the AlwaysUp User Manual and the Sanity Check Plugins page.

• I want my application to run only at scheduled times. How can I use AlwaysUp to do that?

AlwaysUp features basic scheduling on the Restart tab, where your application can be set to run every hour, every half-hour, or periodically at your choosing.

To run your application in a specific time interval, use the built-in Windows Task Scheduler. For example, if your application named MyFavoriteApp in AlwaysUp should only run between 9 AM and 5 PM daily, you will need to set up two daily scheduled tasks — one to start the service at 9 and another to stop it at 5. Each task should consist of a simple batch file.

To start the AlwaysUp-created service (and your application), the batch file should contain this command:

NET START "MyFavoriteApp (managed by AlwaysUpService)" To stop the service, the batch file should contain this command: NET STOP "MyFavoriteApp (managed by AlwaysUpService)" Be sure to replace MyFavoriteApp with the name of your application!

This tutorial (with screenshots) and this article describe how to use the Windows Task Scheduler in Windows XP, 2000 and 2003. Consult this page for Windows 7 and later.

Please let us know if you need help setting this up!

• My application does not have enough time to close properly when the computer is being shut down. How can I give it more time?

When shutting down, Windows will wait a few seconds (usually 20) for all services and the applications managed by AlwaysUp to complete. If AlwaysUp is unable to close your application in that time window, then Windows will forcibly terminate AlwaysUp and your application. This may lead to undesirable results.

Fortunately the wait-time can be increased by editing a setting in the registry. Microsoft's article "How to Increase Shutdown Time for Services to Close Properly" describes how to make the necessary changes.

• My virus scanner tells me that AlwaysUp contains the [Some Scary Virus]. Help!

This is a false alarm. AlwaysUp does not contain any viruses or malware.

Our Software was thoroughly tested before release and has been certified free of all malware by several third parties afterwards. Please click the icons above to see some recent results.

• How do I export my application's settings?

To export your application's settings to an XML file, highlight your application in AlwaysUp and select "Export..." from the "Application" menu. You will be prompted to enter the file name in which to save the settings:

Note that for security purposes, any passwords you have configured will not be saved in the file.

You can later import the XML file (by choosing "Import" from the "Application" menu) to re-create your application's setup on any machine with AlwaysUp installed. Exporting and then importing is a good way to copy settings from one machine to another.

• How do I move my AlwaysUp applications to another machine?

You can move one or more AlwaysUp applications between computers by first exporting each service to an XML file, then later importing the file on the destination machine.

To export your application's settings to an XML file, highlight your application in AlwaysUp and select "Export..." from the "Application" menu. You will be prompted to enter the file name in which to save the settings. Note that for security purposes, any passwords you have configured will not be saved in the file.

You can later import the XML file (by choosing "Import" from the "Application" menu) to re-create your application's setup on any machine with AlwaysUp installed.

• What does it mean to start my application "Automatically, shortly after the computer boots"?

If that option is selected on the General tab, Windows will start AlwaysUp and your application after all the "regular" automatic services have been started. In practice, this means that your application will be started 1-2 minutes after the computer has started, while decreasing the initial "mad rush" for resources at boot time.

This blog entry and this technical article from Microsoft delve into the details.

Note that this option is only available on Windows 8, 7, Vista and Server 2012, 2008.

• Why am I automatically logged out of Session 0? How can I stop that?

When viewing Session 0, Windows will automatically kick you out if you don't move the keyboard or mouse for 1 minute. Unfortunately there doesn't seem to be a way to disable that feature or to extend the period beyond a minute.

One way to avoid the logoff is to use AlwaysUp to run a Utility simulating keyboard or mouse activity in Session 0. We recommend using one of the following non-intrusive applications:

• Caffeine: Simulates a keypress once every 59 seconds. Note: You must specify the -noicon argument for it to work
• NoSleep: Prevents the Computer from locking by subtlety moving the mouse every 30 seconds
• Be sure to run the Utility in the system account by leaving the AlwaysUp Logon tab at the default setting.

• How do I allow a non-administrative user to start and stop the service created?

By default, only Administrators will have the rights to manipulate the Windows Service created by AlwaysUp. To allow other users to start and stop the service:

• Ensure that your application is stopped in AlwaysUp
• Highlight your application in AlwaysUp and select Application > Advanced > Service Security Settings... to open the Service Security Settings window:

• Check the permissions boxes as necessary.

• Why is AlwaysUp better than starting my application with the Task Scheduler?

The Windows Task Scheduler is great for running occasional tasks but Windows Services are better suited for applications that must operate closer to 24/7.

Running your application as a Windows Service with AlwaysUp offers a few distinct advantages:

• Control: AlwaysUp creates a regular Windows Service which can be conveniently stopped (or restarted) from the Services control panel applet or from the command line.

• Crash protection / 100% uptime: If your application terminates for any reason, AlwaysUp will quickly start it again. The Task Scheduler has some options to do so, but only when your application "fails", which is poorly defined. For example, stopping with a non-zero exit code is not defined as a failure...

• Memory & CPU monitoring: AlwaysUp can restart your application if it hogs the CPU, uses too much memory, or hangs. You set the thresholds.

• Visibility: Applications started with Task Scheduler may not be visible on any desktop. AlwaysUp gives you several options to interact with your application, even in the face of Session 0 Isolation

• Scheduled restarts: AlwaysUp can restart your application (or reboot your computer) at a "quiet" time to cure memory leaks, etc. and keep your application "fresh" to do its work.

• Email alerts: AlwaysUp will notify you by email when your program fails and has to be restarted.

• Reports: AlwaysUp will let you know how your application has been performing (CPU, memory, uptime).

• Remote access/Web service: Start/stop/manage your application from any web browser with our freeware add-on, AlwaysUp Web Service.

• How can I install AlwaysUp silently (without any prompts)?

The AlwaysUp installer is built with the excellent InnoSetup, which supports "silent" or unattended installs via several command line switches.

We recommend using either:

AlwaysUp_installer.exe /silent /norestart or AlwaysUp_installer.exe /verysilent /norestart

While we only support releases with the current major version and the one before, we maintain the following older builds for your convenience:

The AlwaysUp Version History documents what is new in each release.

• ## Avoidance of Toxic & Unhealthy Exposures - Holistic Med

In a moderate number of cases, but certainly not all, disease is caused or contributed to by toxic exposures. These toxic exposures often involve low-level, long-term exposure that is not identified by the patient or healthcare practitioner. In such cases, the victim of the exposure is happily living his or her life not recognizing that slow poisoning and damage is occuring. Such damage often results in or contributes greatly to a number of chronic and debilitating diseases.

It has long been known that removal of exposure to toxic substances is an important part of holistic healing. A positive way to look at the gradual process of removing toxic and unhealthy things from your environment is that, at minimum, you will be significantly improving the long-term health prospects of yourself and your family! Beyond that, it is often found that removing exposures significantly improves health and eliminates symptoms and even some chronic diseases (that are often said to have "unknown causes").

There are practitioners and authors who care about others so deeply that they will never let financial interests become more important than the health of the people. A subset of these people are familiar with both the scientific literature and holistic healing. These people have dedicated their efforts to help people avoid becoming a victim of slow poisoning. They are really heros of the healthcare community. I strongly urge those who are interested in getting honest and up-to-date information to 1) print out, read, and share this article and 2) purchase some of the books listed in the in the Avoidance of Toxic Substances Section of the Holistic Healing Web Page / Amazon.Com Bookstore. In addition, there are several highly recommended web page resources which compliment this web page:

I will present a sampling of unhealthy substances below. The fact that these substances are toxic or unhealthy is largely common knowledge in the holistic healthcare community (at least amongst experienced practitioners). In most cases, this knowledge is backed up by independent scientific research. In other cases, persons experienced with holistic healing take the prudent approach and select non-toxic products (e.g., personal care products, cleaners, women's products, etc.) at their local Co-op or Natural Foods Grocery Store. Resources are presented at the end of this article to help you learn more about selecting non-toxic products so that you don't end up selecting toxic products marketed as "natural".

Finally, it is very important to recognize that while exposure to toxic substances can cause or significantly contribute to the development of chronic diseases, most people are better off taking a relaxed approach and gradually eliminating exposures (as opposed to generating extreme worry and stress). It may take a year or two to very gradually find less toxic substitutes for products you may be using at this time. The changes should not be done in a rushed fashion as that could generate alot of stress. It is also very important not to feel guilty about having let yourself be exposed to toxic substances; we have all done it at some point in our lives. Please keep in mind that other factors such as regular, adequate sleep, positive attitude, loving friends, healthy nutrition, play, etc. can be as important and often more important than eliminating toxic and unhealthy substances. A quote from the Holistic Healing Fundamentals web page for some perspective:

Finally, please remember that you are most likely pursuing holistic healing techniques in order to live a healthy and enjoyable life. Please spend the majority of your time enjoying life to the fullest extent possible while spending some time pursuing investigating holistic healing techniques. Don't wait until you're "healed" to enjoy life. Hazards are listed in various categories below. Some of the hazards are obvious from the names, e.g., "aspartame/neotame". However, the hazards from some of the items listed below are only clear when selecting the link for more information. For example, "Alcoholic Beverages" are not inherantly dangerous in moderate amounts, but what is a concern is that certain manufacturers put a significant amount dangerous additives into their alcoholic beverage products. Herbs are also listed below, but by clicking on the detailed link, you can see that is referred to is the danger when taken inappropriately.

Each hazard or potential hazard will be given a rating for the "Acute Reaction" hazard and the "Chronic Toxicity" hazard. "Acute Reactions" refer to reactions which occur shortly after exposure and include symptoms such as headaches, migraines, stomach problems, skin reactions, breathing difficulty, etc. "Chronic Toxicity" hazards refer to the potential for the substance to cause or contribute to chronic symptoms and chronic diseases (whether acute reactions are experienced or not).

These ratings are estimates that I made. Obviously, there is some variation between people such that some people are more susceptible to certain hazards. For example, one person may be susceptible to the chronic effects of regular chlorine (and THMs) exposure from water, while another person may have a greater susceptibility to over the counter medications even though the Chronic Toxicity rating is different.

All of the items on this list are important considerations, but if I put a high Chronic Toxicity rating it is very important to take these hazards seriously even though the internal damage or changes caused by exposure to such hazards may not become clinically evident for a number of years. For many of these items, there is a link to much more detailed, scientific and general information that is useful for the patient and healthcare practitioner.

Finally, please keep in mind that Chronic Toxicity refers to regular exposure. An occasional exposure to some hazards are not something to worry about. For example, the regular, day-long exposure to fluorescent lighting (school, work) can lead to a number of health problems including behavioral problems in children. Obviously, working ocassionally under fluorescent lighting is not something for most people to worry about. I may use an unhealthy household product an ocassion (and don't worry about it), but I try to stick to the non-toxic ones when they are avaible for purchase.

Food Solutions Persons who are truly knowledgable in holistic healing and natural healing techniques understand the importance of gradually (without worry & guilt) moving towards a Natural Foods nutrition plan. Avoiding toxic and unhealthy food substances are a basic fundamental for healing acute and chronic conditions in adults and children. Please see the Food & Nutrition article for detailed information.ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 73 Fluoride Compounds63 Chlorine & Chloramines53 Pesticide Runoff52 Heavy Metals (Lead, Arsenic, etc.)36 Microorganisms (bacteria, viruses)63 Chemicals Leaching From Pipes (e.g., vinyl chloride,trichloroethane, etc.)Water Solutions The very best solution for avoiding toxic chemicals from water (often hidden) is to drink and cook with "spring water". That is what experienced holistic medicine practitioners use. Make sure that the bottled water comes from a real spring as opposed to tap water (with a flowery name and pretty picture on the bottle). Bottled water for drinking and cooking is definately worth the price. If you can use the heavy plastic or even glass 5-gallon jugs, that is better than the flimsy 1-gallon plastic jugs which may leach a bit into the water if stored for a long time (especially in warm temperatures).

Filtered water is a distant second option. Only reverse osmosis or distillation filtration removes toxic fluoride compounds and certain other toxic hazards commonly found in tap water. If you do use a filter, your best bet is to use a combination reverse osmosis/carbon filter if the water is fluoridated. If it is not fluoridated, a carbon filter may be okay if a better filter or especially spring water is not available. Please keep in mind that if your municipality uses chloramines, reverse osmosis or carbon filters will not remove these compounds.

Since skin absorption and lung inhalation of certain toxic chemicals, chlorine, THMs, etc. from water is a significant issue (and, in fact, the level of THMs absorbed from showers is equivalent to THMs absorbed by drinking water), many persons familiar with holistic healing purchase a carbon shower filter. A good source for quality filters is N.E.E.D.S.. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for replacing old carbon filter cartridges.

Finally, it is impossible at this point in time to completely avoid occasional fluoride or chlorine (or other chemical) ingestion from tap water. Eating out at restaurants is one example of this. The important point is not to spend time worrying about the occasional exposure. If you gradually move (in a relaxed way) towards the regular use of spring water and a shower filter, you will be taking some positive steps for your long-term health prospects.

Dental Materials / Procedures Solutions It is important to educate yourself as to the toxicity of dental materials. One of the reason that most dentists are totally unfamiliar with the toxicity of the substances and procedures they use is that the dental trade organizations work closely with dental material manufacturers to downplay safety concerns. Please keep in mind that dentists are not independent toxicologists and often do not have a thorough knowledge of safety issues unless they belong to organizations such as the International Academy of Oral Medicine & Toxicology or the Preventive Dental Health Association.

There are three important steps you should take related to dental issues:

• Holistic Techniques to Prevent & Help Heal Dental Disease

It is very important to prevent dental health problems because they can significantly impact one's overall health. The work of Robert O. Nara of Oramedics is one of the best resources for preventing and healing dental and gum problems. I recommend the book discussed in that article. In addition, it is important to avoid toothpastes with unhealthy ingredients such as fluoride, artificial sweeteners (e.g., aspartame, neotame, saccharine, acesulfame-k, sucralose), sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), and other artificial ingredients. There are usually some toothpastes at your local health food store which fit this criteria. Weleda sells such a natural toothpaste. There are a number of good herbal mouthwashs on the market as well. The key is to avoid an unhealthy product that includes an herb or two so they can sell it as "natural". Finally, there have been discussions on an herbal mailing list regarding formulas that help remineralize teeth. One formula from Herbalist David Winston (Herbalists and Alchemists Company) includes a specially-processed form of 2 parts young horsetail, 1 part nettles, and 1 part alfalfa. Some information about the use of herbs for treating dental and gum problems can be found in a short article written by Christopher Hobbs.

• Locate a Holistic Dentist Who Uses Non-Toxic Techniques

It can be difficult to change to another dentist, but it is important to go with one who has experience with non-toxic techniques as opposed to one who is just starting to learn about them. Please look through all of the various directories of Holistic and Biological Dentists found at: http://www.holisticmed.com/www/dental.html#practitioners A large number of resources and useful articles about dental health, including articles about mercury amalgams, root canals, cavitations, composite fillings, other metals, prevention techniques, etc. can be found on the Holistic Medicne Resource Center Dental Resources Web Page.

• Fix Existing Dental Toxicity Issues for Current & Future Health Concerns

This can be a slow process, but you can benefit from the many experienced people who have gone through the process. There are some conflicting opinions, even amongst Holistic Dentists. You can discuss these issues on the AMALGAM Mailing List. Even though it can be expensive, these toxicity issues are so serious in some cases that growing numbers of people are having their dental problems fixed properly. The direction most health-conscious dentists and patients seem to be moving is:

• Properly remove all mercury & replace with other appropriate dental materials (often composite fillings) using the IAOMT protocol.
• Clean up potentially serious health problems caused by root canals as discussed on the Root Canals and Cavitations web page.
• Get diagnosistic procedure to check for cavitations using Cavitat device. If necessary, get cavitations cleaned out and repaired. Worldwide Cavitat Locations.
• Most people are removing all metal (e.g., gold) and replacing it with other more suitable dental materials such as composite.
• Use Oramedics techniques such as the waterpik with pick-pocket tip to help clear up gum disease.
• Avoid fluoride treatments including fluoride that is designed to be released from certain types of dental materials (e.g., crowns).
• There are two considerations: a) getting dental work fixed that is causing significant health problems, and b) getting dental work fixed to prevent future health problems. Some Holistic Medicine practitioners believe they can diagnose whether mercury amalgams, root canals, cavitations, metals, etc. is a major source of a particular person's health problems. But I believe that it is difficult to be certain. Even though many people have experienced benefit from fixing dental work, I always suggest that the work be done with the attitude that it is usually beneficial in the long-run and sometimes in the short-run.Medical Treatment Solutions Usually the best way to avoid problems with medical treatment is to work with an experienced Holistic Medicine Practitioner. By doing so, you may be able to wean yourself off of the many pharmaceuticals that can often contribute to acute and especially chronic health problems. Gradually replacing the use of pharmaceuticals to suppress symptoms (except where necessary) with natural healing techniques such as natural foods nutrition, yoga/relaxation, herbal medicines, acupunture, play, craniosacral treatments, reiki, and one or more of the many other possible techniques can quite often help you build excellent health and cure minor to serious health problems. (Please note that even with natural treatment techniques prescribed by an experienced Holistic Medicine practitioner, there are often some ups-and-downs experienced.)

It is important to take herbs and supplements intelligently, not only to avoid adverse reactions, but to promote long-term health. The short Herbs & Supplements article provides resources for making intelligent choices.

Surgery might be necesary in some cases for medical treatment. However, it is important to keep in mind that there are a number of conditions that can be cured without surgery and with the help of an experienced Holistic Medicine practitioner. Unless emergency surgery is immediately necessary, consultations with one or two experienced Holistic Medicine practitioners could provide workable alternatives that you may want to consider. Of course, it is very important to keep all of your healthcare practitioners aware of your treatment choices.

ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 84 Cigarette Smoking / Second-Hand Smoke63 Natural Gas (leaking)35 Mold64 Work / School Chemical Hazards32 Gasoline33 Motor Vehicle Exhaust54 Copy Machine / Laser Printer Fumes22 Burning Newspapers/Treated WoodAir Hazards Solutions Some air hazards can be difficult to identify. But one obvious hazard is cigarette smoking. Quitting smoking does not have to be the very first removal of unhealthy exposure, but it is good to consider it an eventual goal. When you feel ready to quit smoking, you can work closely with your Holistic Healthcare practitioner (e.g., Oriental Medicine practitioner) and/or use the Ideas presented on the Smokefree Commercial Page. The main area of the Smokefree Professional Page contains tools for clearing up problems with second-hand smoke exposures at work, school, Professional, and restaurants.

Since exposure to low levels of toxic chemicals at work can contribute significantly to chronic illness, it is important to learn about what chemical hazards might exist for you at work and then eliminate or protect yourself from those hazards. The goal should be to breath fresh, clean air most of the day. Some of the things at work which can create air hazards include carpeting, copy machines and laser printer toner fumes, office furniture (especially particle board ) and upholstered chairs which can outgass formaldehyde, adhesives (glue, cement, etc.), chemicals used in making a product, chemicals produced and given off into the air from the process of making a product, exhaust fumes, etc. It is important to learn about what chemicals you may be exposed to. For example, if you work in a photography lab or make pottery, or work as an undertaker, or in a lab making circuit boards, or .... you may be exposing yourself to significant levels of toxic chemicals and are not aware of it.

"Sick schools" -- schools where students are exposed to hazardous or unehealthy air are becoming more common. In fact, several Massachusetts schools have recently closed because of asbestos hazards (information that was kept from parents, by the way). Asbestos is definately not the only hazard at schools. To learn more about air hazards at schools, please see the proceedings from the 1996 Allergy and Environmental Health Association of Canada (AEHA) Conference. Some school districts in the U.S. will be getting grants from the Federal government for building new schools, but they may end up building more "sick schools" unless they are closely supervised by Environmental Medicine specialists.

Indoor air pollution in homes is common. This can happen from building materials, carpeting, and furniture outgassing chemicals, poor ventilation, cleaning products, pesticides, biological pollutants (e.g., mold, bacteria), radon, smoking, and a numer of other situations. One of the best resources for building a healthy Home or fixing current (and sometimes undetected) air quality problems in a Commercial is the Healthy House Institute.

Sometimes working with the medical office or the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) office in your place of work or school can help identify potential hazards. Keep in mind that IAQ and medical offices may rely on government standards for hazardous chemicals. Such standards are often useless because industry lobbying changes the levels said to be "safe". But these offices can at least help you identify chemicals you (or your children in schools) are being exposed to.

Cleaning up air hazards can involve:

• Removing oneself from exposure (to the extent possible).
• Making sure there is good ventilation.
• Here are a couple of relevent excerpts from Debra Lynn Dadd's excellent book, "The Nontoxic Professional & Office" (which is unfortunately out of print at the moment): The problems with ventilation systems can be the result of several factors, such as poor design, installation, operation, or maintenance of the ventilation systems. Often some kind of contamination within the system itself is the culprit -- mold growth inside ducts, auto exhaust contamination from 'fresh air' intakes being placed in parking garages, fecal bacteria contamination from birds nesting near equipment, and bits of asbestos fibers and fiberglass...

If you suspect there is a problem with the ventilation system in your building, the first thing to do is check to see if your building even has a ventilation system. .... Take a walk around and look for vents and ducts, linear diffusers (long, narrow registers found between ceiling tiles or where walls and ceilings join), and troffers (air vents in lighting fixtures).

Next, find out how frequently the system is on. In some cases, the circulation in a building stops with the close of business, yet pollutants from building materials and furnishings are generated 24 hours a day. Consider whether cleaning and large printing jobs done at night are producing pollutants that remain in the stagnant air.

See if each room has an incoming supply vent and an outgoing exhaust vent and make sure that the vents are not blocked by bookcases, desks, office machinery...."

You might want to speak with the building manager to find out the number of air exchanges per hour and have the system checked to make sure everything is running as it should. More often than not, sick building syndrome is cured by simply increasing the ventilation. .... In a similar study, Helathy Buildings International, an indoor air quality consulting firm in Fairfax, Virginia, found that the three most common problems are:

• Poor Ventilation -- 62 percent of the buildings had inadequate fresh air, and 33 percent were operating with no fresh air at all.
• Hygiene problems -- 50 percent of the ventilation systems were dirty, 36 percent had dirty air-conditioning units, 22 percent had contaminated ductwork.
• Please note that ventilation is important in homes as well. Open windows (with screens if necessary) can provide alot of healthy, fresh air in seasons when the air outside is not too cold or too polluted. Also, please keep in mind that dirty air conditioning units, and bad filters can also cause significant air quality problems in homes. More information on avoiding polluted air in homes can be found on the Chatelaine web page.

Finally, most employers understand that the increased medical and other costs (lack of productive work, high insurance premiums, loss of employees, unhappy workers, etc.) are much more expensive than fixing a ventilation systems to make sure employees remain healthy and productive.

• Purchasing an air filtration device (air filter, hood).
• When it is difficult to clean up the air at work, I suggest that you consider purchasing a quality air personal filter. N.E.E.D.S. sells quality personal air filters. Other companies sell quality air filters as well. Obviously, it is important to change the filters within the air filter as recommended by the manufacturer. If you are working in a chemistry lab or around highly toxic chemicals, your employee should see to it that you are protected with a special "hood" to suck chemicals out of the air before they reach you, or some similar protection device.ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 54 Dissatified With Work/Goals43 Pessimists & Fatalists (Regular Exposure)55 Emotionally Chaotic Situations55 Isolation (Frequent)Psychological Issue Solutions Psychological issues are often overlooked outside of the holisitc healing community. However, issues such as those mentioned above can have a significant effect on both pychological and physical health. Because of this, many people experienced with holistic healing have found that addressing psychological issues are sometimes a key part of healing a physical illness.

The psychological issues listed above are a few of the issues that should to be addressed at some point in time. One way not to address these issues is to beat yourself up or feel guilty about having let yourself get into one of the above-mentioned situations. These types of situations to happen to everybody. A good way to handle it is to give yourself credit for recognizing these situations when they do occur and endeavoring to address them when you are able.

A positive alternative to simply avoiding chaotic and other emotionally unhealthy situations is to put yourself in situations where you have fun! Playing, joking, laughing, etc. are all very healing and you have the added bonus of enjoying yourself while getting healthier!

Clearly, these short few paragraphs cannot provide all of the solutions to these situations. Should you need help in addressing these issues or have further questions, look through the excellent web resources related to handling psychological issues and finding practitioners.

ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 44 Household Cleaners & Disinfectants (oven,bathroom, kitchen, laundry, furniture)54 Insecticides, Pesticides44 Deodorizers33 Furniture and Metal Treatment ProductsHousehold Products Solutions There is little reason to use unsafe chemicals for cleaners, deodorizers, pest control, etc. when there are so many nontoxic alternatives that cost the same or only slight more. It can be especially helpful to avoid unhealthy laundry soaps (where traces of the chemicals can be absorbed through the skin when wearing the clothes) and toxic pest control sprays or deodorizers (where toxic chemicals can be inhaled). It is important not to obsess about only using "pure" products without exception, but at the same time, it can be very helpful to gradually replace unhealthy products with healthy ones.

Many nontoxic household products can be found in your local health food store. In addition, there are a number of mailorder sources such as N.E.E.D.S. and extensive resources listed in excellent books such as Clean & Green by Annie Berthold-Bond. There are also books that contain important solutions for common household product issues such as The Nontoxic Baby by Natural Choices, Dan's Practical Guide to Least Toxic Professional Pest Control by Dan Stein, and Professional Safe Professional: Protecting Yourself and Your Family from Everyday Toxics and Harmful Household Products in the Home by Debra Lynn Dadd.

ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 53 Toothpaste / Mouthwash32 Soap & Shampoo33 Makeup43 Hair Coloring & Spray54 Perfume, Cologne, Aftershave22 Shaving Cream33 Skin CreamsPersonal Care / Enhancement Products Solutions Many people do not realize that toxic chemicals from personal care products are easily absorbed through the skin and can begin to gradually weaken health over the years contributing to a serious chronic disease. Taking the time to gradually move to non-toxic personal care products can be an important step on the road to good health. In Nontoxic, Natural, & Earthwise, Debra Lynn Dadd presents a comprehensive look at natural alternatives to Personal Care Products and provides a comprehensive list of company resources. I highly recommend this resource.

Perfume is one of the more important items to find alternatives for. One of the best solutions is not to use any. This is a common solution for people experienced with holistic healing because they know it is not essential. As far as attracting the opposite sex, recent research has shown that perfume and cologne is not particularly appealing. Finally, keep in mind that persons wearing large amounts of perfume or cologne are not only weakening their own health, but causing others to inhale toxic chemicals. One common solution for those who want scents is to use esstential oils from your natural foods store or from quality online resources. Avoid oils labeled "extracts", "tinctures", or "extended" oils.

Hair coloring and sprays are also quite unhealthy as the chemicals from these products get absorbed through the skin in the head. Fortunately, there are non-toxic solutions for this as well. See Debra Lynn Dadd's book mentioned above for these natural alternatives to chemical hair colorings and sprays.

Health food stores have natural soaps and shampoos. Using medicated soaps and shampoos may temporarily suppress a problem, but won't bring health. Skin creams, lip balms, and many other personal care products can be purchased at health food stores.

As mentioned in another section above, it is important to avoid toothpastes with unhealthy ingredients such as fluoride, artificial sweeteners (e.g., aspartame, neotame, saccharine, acesulfame-k, sucralose), sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), and other artificial ingredients. There are usually some toothpastes at your local health food store which fit this criteria. Weleda sells such a natural toothpaste. There are a number of good herbal mouthwashs on the market as well. The key is to avoid an unhealthy product that includes an herb or two so they can sell it as "natural".

ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 43 Artificial Fabrics (Polyester, Rayon, etc.)43 Chemically-Treated Clothing / Pajamas13 Wool ProductsClothing Solutions Since the skin is one of the biggest elimination organs (for waste products) and since the skin can absorb chemicals, it can be helpful to very gradually take steps to move towards the use of natural, non-chemically-treated fibers such as cotton, wool, linen, and hemp. These fibers allow the skin to "breath" and are simply the healthier choice over the long run.

In some cases, wool can cause an allergic reaction and would need to be avoided while there is still an allergy. If you can find organic cotton products, that is better because cotton is otherwise so heavily treated with pesticides. Please check the companies section of this file for continuously updated links to sources for organic cotton, wool, hemp, and other natural fiber clothing products.

Carpeting & Furniture Solutions Carpeting is a very common source of toxic exposure. Outgassing (often not detected by the sense of smell) from new and even moderately old carpeting (less than 5 years old) can sometimes cause gradual neurological and immunological effects as detailed by research and the large number of case histories discussed in the carpeting article linked to above. In addition, dust mites, tracked-in lead (in dirt) and other hazards make avoiding carpeting a good choice in most situations. Carpeting is a significant long-term hazard for some children as offgassing of toxic chemicals, dust mites, lead, and other hazardous exposures can occur as children play on carpeting. Keep in mind that children can have excessive carpeting exposure at schools or daycare centers. An excellent independent discussion of carpet's adverse effects on children can be found in Dr. Doris Rapp's popular book, Is This Your Child's World?

One solution which is very common amongst persons with chronic immune system disorders, allergies, chemical sensitivities, and many in the holistic healthcare community is to avoid carpeting altogether and put in non-toxic flooring (sometimes with a small rug or two if desired). This may mean tearing out carpeting or simply never putting it in. A very good discussion of non-toxic flooring alternatives can be found in The Healthy Home: An Attic-To_Basement Guide to Toxin-paid Living by Linda Mason Hunter.

Should you choose to purchase carpeting, you should avoid the carpeting at carpet stores with special "green" labels or other inaccurate marketing information. Any discussion of the amount of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) without a specific listing of all of the chemicals used is a sign of marketing hype. There are a number of companies that sell non-toxic carpeting. While this carpeting may be a little more expensive them chemically-treated carpeting, it is definately worth it for your family's health. A listing of many of these companies can be found in the 5-Part Carpeting Series on the Holistic Healing Web Page. If you do get natural carpeting, talk to the manufacturer to make sure that the backing doesn't contain stain repellents, fungicides and other toxic chemicals.

Drapes and upholstery are often treated with and give off formaldehyde. If possible, try to purchase untreated, natural fibers such as linen, cotton, and wool.

Try to avoid furniture made with particle board which is often treated with and gives off formaldehyde. In addition, some matresses are treated with formaldehyde. It can be helpful to set up the environments where the majority of time is spent to be reasonably healthy. Therefore gradually aquiring non-toxic furniture for the bedroom and for work or school should be a priority. The bedroom is probably the best place to start. There are many sources for low-toxicity furniture. One excellent source for some pieces is the Furnature company. More sources will be added to the companies section of this file as time permits.

ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 53 Urea Foam Insulation63 Asbestos53 Fiberglass Insulation (leaking into air)22 Flooring Materials43 Formaldehyde-based AdhesivesBuilding Material Hazard Solutions Certain types of insulation, adhesives, flooring, and other building materials can present a health hazard in some instances. The book, The Healthy Commercial: An Attic-To_Basement Guide to Toxin-free Living by Linda Mason Hunter has an excellent section on safe building materials. These resources are especially helpful if you are building or remodeling your house.Outdoor Product Hazard Solutions Two separate categories of outdoor hazards may need to be examined:
• Avoid the use of toxic outdoor products by your family.
• One common toxic product that has caused acute damage to the health of some people and can be expected to contribute to chronic health problems over time is the use of DEET-containing insect repellants. One writer recently wrote: "Despite the manufacturer-led downplay of DEET risks, it does seem logical to assume that if DEET can peel paint, melt nylon, destroy plastic, wreck wood finishes and damage fishing line, then it must be hell on the skin -- perhaps worse." A significant amount of DEET and other chemicals from these insect repellents get absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream. Fortunately, there are now a number of fairly effective natural alternatives which can be purchased at many local healthfood stores and through the mail. One excellent product is Buzz Away. Another product which I have used (sometimes in conjunction with Buzz Away) and found very effective is Farmer's Friend Lemongrass Insect Lotion from Burt's Bees.

It should be obvious to avoid the use of toxic lawn and garden care products like Roundup. The long-term health of you and your family should come before the goal of having a "perfect" lawn or garden. In the real world, weeds and other "imperfections" are a normal part of nature.

There are excellent books which detail techniques for natural lawn care. Seattle has its own Natural Lawn Care Program with some online resources. The Invisible Gardener web page provides quality information about natural alternatives to toxic chemicals for lawn & garden care, pest control, etc. A short summary about organic lawn care can be found on the Organic Lawn Care Guide web page. Finally, it is prudent to keep children and animals away from areas that have recently been treated with chemical lawn and garden products.

• Avoid significant exposure to neiborhood spraying/chemical use and environmental pollution contaminants.
• In order to protect the health of you and your family, it is wise to gradually, in a relaxed manner, gather information about potential sources of pollution in your neighborhood.
• Find out if your neighbors are using chemical lawn and garden products and when they are being used. You may be able to loan them some books or web information in order to convince them to go with natural, organic lawn and garden care methods for the benefit of their family and the neighborhood. At the very least, you will want to avoid exposures to any chemical sprays they may be using and keep your children and animals from areas that have recently been treated/contaminated.
• Find out from your city or county government offices if there is any spraying of dangerous pesticides or herbicides near your Commercial or children's school. Also contact any farms, orchids, or logging facilities near your Home to find out if and when they spray chemicals. It can be helpful to keep the windows closed and keep the kids out of harm's way when there is spraying nearby. You and your neighbors may be able to convince the groups spraying to use organic methods, or at the very least, convince them to spray on days when the wind will not carry it over you homes.
• Find out if you Home or children's school is located near a chemical waste dump (e.g., Superfund site), hazardous waste incinerator, or chemical plant. In some cases, such sites can have a significant adverse health effect. You may need to contact local or regional organizations to get more information about your neighborhood. A good place to start is the Toxic Alert Community Organizations web page. The web resources on the Environmental Issues Internet Resources web page can help as well.
• ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 54 Fluorescent Lights32 Digital Clocks32 Computer Equipment52 Electric Blanket53 High-Voltage Power Lines22 Microwave OvensElectrical Appliance & Lighting Solutions It can be helpful to get regular exposure to natural sunlight every day. It helps produce Vitamin D, it normalizes levels of an important hormone, and it can helps prevent and heal some chronic diseases. Direct sunlight may be too strong for some people in which case sitting or walking or playing in the shade is fine -- as long as sunglasses aren't worn.

Avoiding regular, extended exposure to fluorescent lights is also a good idea. Examples of excessive exposure would be working or going to school more than a few hours daily under fluorescent lighting. Two solutions are to use regular incandescent lighting or replace the fluorescent bulbs with safer, more balanced fluorescent bulbs from Ott Biolight Systems or other natural lighting companies.

Low levels of electrical and magnetic fields can affect the permeability of the barrier surrounding the brain -- the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB). This can significantly effect chemical uptake into the brain, with a predictable effect on the health of some individuals. With this in mind, many in the holistic healthcare community feel it is important to take steps to reduce electromagnetic radiation exposure to minimal levels. A book which details the effects of electromagnetic radiation and the practical steps that can be taken in homes and offices is Warning: The Electricity Around You May Be Hazardous to Your Health by Ellen Sugarman.

It is important to keep plugged-in electrical equipment away from the bed if possible. For example, digital alarm clocks can give off a significant amount of magnetic radition and should be kept at least 10 feet from the bed. I would avoid sleeping with an electric blanket or electrically-heated waterbed (although these items can be used to heat the bed and then unplugged before sleep). Move other electrical equipment aware from bed.

Some old computer monitors have extremely high levels of magnetic and electrical radiation. (e.g., very old Apple RGB monitors). Most of the computer monitors made within the past few years are much better. Still, some newer color monitors have high electrical fields which can be hard on the eyes and contribute to adverse symptoms in some people. Safe Technologies Corporation sells ultra-low radiation color monitors that are very popular. (I've had mine for over 5 years.) If you have a choice in monitors, these monitors are excellent solutions when considering one's long-term health prospects. Other popular products for reducing electromagnetic fields are sold by Norad Corporation.

If your Commercial is very close to high power lines or a microwave or radio tower, it may be significantly effecting the health of your family. One solution is to move. It may be worth the temporary hardship, in order to protect your health and that of your family.

Some people use Clarus Products such as Q-link, ClearWave, etc. to protect themselves from the effects of electromagnetic radiation from electrical appliances and power lines. I don't know if they help, but some people think so.

Pregnancy & Birth Issue Solutions Links to several high-quality pregnancy and birth health web pages can be found on the Pregnancy, Birth & Infant Care Internet Resources. Another very good site of resources and links is the Wholistic Childbirth Resource Center Web Page. Use this resources to make decisions beforehand about the pregnancy, birthing process, and post-birth period.

An excellent article on various chemical pregnancy hazards is entitled, Learning Disabilities Attention Deficit Disorder - A.D.D. and Hyperactivity on the Chem-tox.Com web page. Other pregnency hazards include physical trauma which may contribute to future health disorders including increased risk of suicide in men. However, it is ideal to take a relaxed approach to eliminating hazards during pregnancy. That means to avoid putting yourself through "guilt trips" about inadvertant exposures. Fortunately, most of the hazards are obvious and relatively easy to avoid.

Smoking, use of hard drugs such as cocaine, and excessive alcohol consumption are well known pregnancy hazards. One simply should avoid these hazards to the extent possible during pregnancy.

Common food substances that should be avoided include artificial sweeteners, MSG (including hydrolyzed proteins, autolyzed yeast, yeast extract), fake foods such as olestra/olean, foods with alot of additives or preservatives, and non-organic dairy foods. To the extent possible, shop for organic foods even if it costs a little bit more. Fluoridated water and fluoridated toothpaste should definately be avoided since low-level fluoride exposure has been shown to increase perinatal deaths and hyperactivity in young animals. It is best to stick with spring water for cooking and drinking.

Avoid getting work on mercury amalgam fillings or placement of composite fillings (or sealants) while pregnant. If a filling must be placed, use the composite filling, not the mercury filling. If work on a mercury filling must be done, it is crucial to use the IAOMT protocol to prevent significant exposure to mercury.

I suggest keeping the use of ultrasound to a minimum. Recent research has found that the possibility that excessive use of ultrasound may adversly affect fetal development.

I would suggest keeping the use of pharmaceuticals to a minimum (or none if possible) during pregnancy. By working with an experienced Holistic Medical Doctor, it will be easier to decide on which pharmaceuticals, if any, are necessary. Please do not use these or any other ideas in this article to cause excessive worry about things you may need. Simply eliminate the use of pharmaceuticals you absolutely do not need and do not worry about the rest. Herbs are often used during pregnancy, but it is important to choose herbs wisely. A good book on this subject is Wise Woman Herbal for the Childbearing Year (Wise Woman Herbal Series : No. 1) by Susan Weed.

Cesarians and anesthetics (and birth-inducing drugs) should only be used when absolutely necessary. You may need to be very clear with your midwife or healthcare practitioner about your desires along these lines. You may want to avoid epistiotomies as described in the related link in the table above.

The birth position is very important to avoid "squashing" the infant brain as it comes through the birth canal. Proper birth positions are often ignored by physicians and even some midwives, so it is important that you decide on what position you want to use in advance. (It is interesting to note that there are holistic healing techniques taught by some practitioners to help infants overcome the effects of the birth trauma from improper birth positions.) The article Pregnancy, Labor, and Motherhood discusses proper birth positions.

ChronicToxicity AcuteReactions Common Hazards 32 Computer Printer Noise43 Workplace Noise43 Loud Music32 TrafficNoise Pollution Solutions Workplace noise is probably the most common problem when it comes to noise pollution. Solutions for handling workplace noise can be found in the brief article (and links to others articles) in the Workplace Noise section of the Holistic Healing Web Page. In addition, useful devices for reducing noise levels and preventing the adverse effects of noise can be found in the companies resource listing.

Another area that can be is in cases where excess noise prevents a sound sleep. Solutions depend on the exact problem, but may include putting in double-pane windows, talking to neighbors, wearing earplugs if necessary, doing what you can to help an infant be more comfortable in order prevent excessive crying, etc.

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