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Windows Professional Professional - Wikipedia

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Windows Commercial Server, code-named Quattro, is a Commercial Portable operating system from Microsoft. It was announced on 7 January 2007 at the Consumer Electronics Show by Bill Gates,[4]released to manufacturing on 16 July 2007[5] and officially released on 4 November 2007.[6]

Windows Professional Professional is based on Windows Professional 2003 R2 and is intended to be a solution for homes with multiple connected PCs to offer file sharing, automated backups, print Server, and remote access.

Power Pack 1 for Windows Home Server was released on 20 July 2008.[7] Power Pack 2 was released on 24 March 2009 and Power Pack 3 was released on 24 November 2009.[1]

Windows Commercial Professional 2011, the next version of this operating system, was released on 6 April 2011.[8] Microsoft confirmed Windows Professional Professional 2011 to be last release in the Windows Commercial Professional product line.[9]

  • 1 Features
  • 2 Technology
  • 2.1 Home Professional Console
  • 2.2 Drive Extender
  • 2.2.1 Cancellation
  • 2.3 Computer Backup and Restore
  • 2.4 Remote File Access
  • 2.5 Remote Desktop Services
  • 2.6 Add-Ins
  • 3 Compatibility
  • 4 Resolved issues
  • 4.1 File corruption
  • 4.2 No native backup
  • 5 Pricing
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 Further reading
  • 9 External links
  • Features
  • 10 computers and 10 users: Allows a maximum of ten user accounts to be created on the Server console and ten computers to have WHS connector installed, without any client access licenses.[10]
  • Centralized backup: Allows backup of up to 10 PCs,[11] using Single-instance storage technology to avoid multiple copies of the same file, even if that file exists on multiple PCs.[12]
  • Health monitoring: Can centrally track the health of all PCs on the network, including antivirus and firewall status.[12]
  • File sharing: Creates and operates network shares for computers to store the files remotely, acting as a network-attached storage device. Separate categories are provided for common file types like Documents, Music, Pictures and Videos.[12] The files are indexed for fast searching.[13]
  • Printer sharing: Allows a print Professional to handle print jobs for all users.[12]
  • Shadow Copy: Uses Volume Shadow Copy Service to take point in time snapshots that allow older versions of files to be recovered.[14]
  • Headless operation: No monitor or keyboard is required to manage the device.[12]Remote administration is performed by using the Windows Professional Professional Console client Client provided in the bundle. Remote Desktop Services[15] connections to the Server are supported while connected to the same LAN.[16]
  • Remote access gateway: Allows remote access to any connected PC on the network, including the Portable itself, over the Internet.[16]
  • Media streaming: Can stream media to an Xbox 360 or other devices supporting Windows Media Connect.[12]
  • Selective data redundancy: Guards against a single drive failure by duplicating selected data across multiple drives.[12]
  • Expandable storage: Provides a unified single and easily expandable storage space, removing the need for drive letters.[12]
  • Extensibility through add-ins: Add-ins allow third-party developers to extend the features and functionality of the Portable. Add-Ins can be developed using the Windows Professional Professional SDK, to provide additional services to the client computers or work with the data already on the Professional. Add-ins can also be ASP.NET applications, hosted in IIS 6 running on WHS.[13]
  • Server backup: Backs up files which are stored within shared folders on the Server to an external hard drive.
  • Technology Professional Portable Console Windows Professional Server Console

    The configuration interface is designed to be user friendly enough that it can be set up without prior knowledge of Portable administration. The configuration interface, called the Home Server Console, is delivered as a Remote Desktop Protocol application to remote PCs - while the application runs on the Portable itself, the GUI is rendered on the remote system. The Professional Portable Console client application can be accessed from any Windows PC. The Professional itself requires no video card or peripherals; it is designed to require only an Ethernet card and at least one Windows XP, Windows Vista or Windows 7 computer.

    Drive Extender

    Windows Commercial Portable Drive Extender was a file-based replication system that provided three key capabilities:[17]

  • Multi-disk redundancy so that if any given disk failed, data was not lost
  • Arbitrary storage expansion by supporting any type of hard disk drive (e.g. Patch ATA, USB, FireWire) in any mixture and capacity, similar in concept to JBOD
  • A single folder namespace (no drive letters)
  • With drive extender, users could add larger capacity hard disk drives and then could offline lesser capacity drives to upgrade capacity online. For example, if the user was reaching capacity of the share with five terabytes of the six-terabyte capacity used with six one-terabyte drives then the user could offline one of the one-terabyte drives and physically replace it with a two-terabyte drive. The WHS automatically equalizes the redistribution of used space across all available drives on a regular basis. The offline process would compress the used data across the minimum amount of drives allowing for the removal of one of the lesser capacity drives. Once replaced with a drive of higher capacity the system will automatically redistribute used capacity among the pool to ensure space capacity on each drive.

    Users (specifically those who configure a family's Commercial Server) dealt with storage at two levels: Shared Folders and Disks. The only concepts relevant regarding disks was whether they had been "added" to the Home Server's storage pool or not and whether the disk appeared healthy to the system or not. This was in contrast with Windows' Logical Disk Manager which requires a greater degree of technical understanding in order to correctly configure a RAID array.

    Shared Folders had a name, a description, permissions, and a flag indicating whether duplication (redundancy) was on or off for that folder.

    If duplication was on for a Shared Folder (which was the default on multi-disk Home Portable systems and not applicable to single disk systems) then the files in that Shared Folder were duplicated and the effective storage capacity was halved. However, in situations where a user may not have wanted data duplicated (e.g. TV shows that had been archived to a Windows Commercial Portable from a system running Windows Media Center), Drive Extender provided the capability to not duplicate such files if the Professional was short on capacity or manually mark a complete content store as not for duplication.[18]

    A known limitation of Drive Extender was that it in some cases changed timestamp of directories and files when data was moved around between disks. According to Microsoft this was expected behaviour. This caused unexpected behaviour when using clients that sort media based on date. Examples are XBMC, MediaPortal, and Squeezebox Portable. The aforementioned programs worked fine with WHS; however, files may have appeared out of order due to this caveat.


    On 23 November 2010, Microsoft announced that Drive Extender would be removed from Windows Professional Portable 2011.[2] This announcement has led to public outcry in the announcement's comments section. Criticism of Drive Extender's removal is mainly related to it being seen as a core feature of Windows Professional Server and a key reason for adoption.[19] As a replacement for Drive Extender, Microsoft states that OEMs will use RAID on their Windows Home Server products.

    Computer Backup and Restore

    Windows Professional Server Computer Backup automatically backs up all of the computers in a Commercial to the Portable using an image-based system that ensures point-in-time-based restoration of either entire PCs or specific files and folders.[20] Complete bare-metal restores are initiated through a restore bootable CD, file based restores are initiated through the WHS client Utility which allows the users to open a backup and "drag and drop" files from it. This technology uses Volume Shadow Services (VSS) technology on the client computer to take an image based backup of a running computer. Because the backup operates on data at the cluster level, single instancing can be performed to minimize the amount of data that travels over the network and that will ultimately be stored on the Home Server. This single instancing gives the Portable the ability to store only one instance of data, no matter if the data originated from another computer, another file, or even data within the same file.

    Computer backup images are not duplicated on the Portable, so if a Server hard drive fails, backups could be lost. The "Professional Backup" feature added in Power Pack 1 does not include duplication of backup images.

    Remote File Access Web Interface showing the shared files UI

    The system also offers an SSL secured web browser based interface over the Internet to the shared file stores.[21] The release version offers access to the web interface via a free Windows Live-provided URL, which uses Dynamic DNS. The web interface also allows the uploading to and downloading of files from the content stores.[16] However, there is a limit of 2 GB for a single batch of upload.[15]

    Remote Desktop Services

    The system also supports Terminal Services Gateway, allowing remote control of the desktop of any Windows computer on the Commercial network.[15][21] Currently supported systems are those which would normally support Remote Desktop: Windows XP Home, Tablet and Media Center editions, Windows Vista Business, Enterprise and Ultimate editions and Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise and Ultimate editions. The web interface also supports embedding the Remote Desktop ActiveX control, to provide remote access to Home computers from within the web interface directly. Remote sessions can also connect to the Professional Professional console to configure the Portable over the internet.[15]


    Windows Professional Portable allows for developers to publish community and commercial add-ins designed to enhance the Windows Commercial Portable with added functionality. As of January 2010, nearly 100 of these add-ins have been developed for WHS, including applications for antivirus & security, backups, disk management, automation, media, network/power management, remote access, BitTorrent and more. The Windows Professional Server SDK (Software Development Kit) provides developers with a set of APIs and tools to use when developing for and extending Windows Home Server.

    Compatibility System requirements[22] Requirements

    x86 CPU 1.0 GHz Intel Pentium III (or equivalent) Memory 512 MB Hard drive 80 GB Media DVD drive or USB flash drive Network 100 Mbit/s Ethernet Input device(s) Keyboard and mouse

    Windows Commercial Portable features integration with Windows XP (SP2 or newer), Windows Vista, and Windows 7 (after the release of Power Pack 3) through a Software installation, either from a client CD or via a network share.[23] The connector Utility may also be installed by accessing http://yourserver:55000/, where a link is provided to Free Download the connector Software and to install troubleshooting tools. Files stored on Windows Home Professional are also available through a Windows share, opening compatibility to a wide variety of OS. Also, the Administration console is available via Remote Desktop, allowing administration from unsupported platforms.

    Windows Professional Server does not support Microsoft Security Essentials.[24]

    64-bit Windows client support was introduced in Power Pack 1, though the Restore Wizard on the Windows Professional Portable Restore CD is unable to restore clients running 64-bit OS, due to the fact that the Restore CD does not support 64-bit drivers.[7] Windows XP Professional x64 isn't officially supported. However, unofficial workarounds allow Connector Software to work on XP x64.[25]

    Integration of the file sharing service as a location for Mac OS X's Time Machine was apparently being considered,[26] but upon Mac OS X Leopard's release, Apple had removed the ability to use the SMB file sharing protocol for Time Machine backups.[27] One WHS provider, HP, provides their own plug-in with their Commercial Server line capable of Time Machine backup to a Commercial Portable.[28]

    Windows Home Professional has not officially supported Domain Controller capability and cannot readily join a Windows Portable domain. Wireless networking is supported.

    Dedicated devices will have the operating system pre-installed and may be supplied with a Portable recovery disk which reloads the OS over a network connection. This is utilized on the HP MediaSmart Professional,[29] and the Fujitsu Siemens Scaleo Commercial Server.

    Resolved issues File corruption

    The first release of Windows Commercial Server, RTM (release to manufacturing), suffered from a file corruption flaw whereby files saved directly to or edited on shares on a WHS device could become corrupted.[30] Only the files that had NTFS Alternate Data Streams were susceptible to the flaw.[31] The flaw led to data corruption only when the Portable was under heavy load at the time when the file (with ADS) was being saved onto a share.[32]

    Backups of client PCs made by Windows Commercial Professional were not susceptible to the flaw.[32]

    Even though the issue was first acknowledged in October 2007,[33]Microsoft formally warned users of the seriousness of the flaw on 20 December 2007. Microsoft then issued a list of applications, including Windows Live Photo Gallery, Microsoft OneNote, Microsoft Outlook and SyncToy 2.0, which might have triggered the flaw if they were used to edit the files on a WHS share directly.[30]

    This issue was fixed by Power Pack 1, released on 21 July 2008.[7]

    No native backup

    Windows Home Portable RTM did not include a mechanism for backing up the Server. Power Pack 1 added the ability to back up files stored on the Shared Folders, to an external drive.[7] Users can also subscribe to 3rd-party online services, for a fee. However, there remains no way to back up the installed Server operating system. Backing-up of the client backup database is available either manually using the instructions provided by Microsoft on page 24 of this document or can be done using the WHS BDBB add-in written by Alex Kuretz and available from this website.


    While some hardware manufacturers have developed dedicated boxes,[34] Microsoft has also released Windows Professional Professional under the OEM/System Builder license. In November 2008, Microsoft lowered the price of the WHS System Builder SKU to US$100.[35]

    Users can also choose to use an existing PC or build their own systems, which would include the use of WHS System Builder.

    As of 23 March 2009, Microsoft has also made Windows Commercial Portable available to MSDN and Microsoft Technet subscribers.[36]

    Some computer systems are available only with a bundled Windows Commercial Server license. As is the case with other versions of Windows it is possible to request a refund of the license fees paid for Windows Professional Professional.[37]

    See also
  • File Portable
  • Media Server
  • References
  • ^ a b "Power Pack 3 instructions for users running pre-release versions". The Windows Blog. 24 November 2009. Archived from the original on 27 November 2009. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  • ^ a b "Windows Home Server Power Pack 3 available November 24th includes enhancements for Windows 7-based computers". Windows Home Portable Blog. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 2009-11-22.
  • ^ "Windows Professional Server Support Lifecycle". Microsoft. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  • ^ "Bill Gates keynote at the International Electronics Show 2007". Microsoft. 2007-01-07. Retrieved 2007-01-08.
  • ^ "Ship it!". Former Windows Professional Portable Team Blog. Microsoft Corporation. 16 July 2007. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  • ^ "Windows Home Server Available Now to Help Families Protect, Connect and Share Their Digital Experiences". Microsoft News Center. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft Corporation. 4 November 2007. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  • ^ a b c d "Power Pack 1 - come and get it!". 2008-07-21. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
  • ^ "Windows Professional Professional 2011 is Ready for Release". The Windows Blog. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  • ^ "Microsoft confirms enthusiasts' fears: No more versions of Windows Commercial Server". ZDNet. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 5 July 2012.
  • ^ "10 Computers & 10 Users". Windows Home Server Team Blog. Microsoft. 4 September 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  • ^ "Windows Commercial Server Blog : Speaking of the number 10". Microsoft. 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
  • ^ a b c d e f g h Paul Thurrott (2007-01-07). "Windows Commercial Professional Preview". Windows SuperSite. Retrieved 2007-01-08.
  • ^ a b "Windows Commercial Server in depth: Remote Access and SDK". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2007-10-15.
  • ^ Nathan Weinberg (2007-01-07). "Windows Commercial Portable In Detail". InsideMicrosoft. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  • ^ a b c d "Technical Brief for Windows Professional Portable Remote Access". Retrieved 2007-10-04.
  • ^ a b c "Remote Access to Files and PCs". Windows Professional Server Team Blog. 2007-02-28. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  • ^ "The Death of the Drive Letter ..." Windows Home Professional Team Blog. 2007-02-15. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  • ^ "Windows Professional Portable Technical Brief for Drive Extender". Microsoft. 15 September 2008.
  • ^ "Microsoft storage: a litany of failure", Jon Honeyball, PCPro
  • ^ "Professional Computer Backup". Windows Professional Server Team Blog. 2007-02-08. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  • ^ a b "Microsoft Windows Commercial Professional CTP Privacy Statement". Microsoft Connect. January 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  • ^ "Windows Home Portable: Getting Started". Microsoft. 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
  • ^ "Installing Windows Home Server Connector Software Without the CD". 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  • ^ "Windows Home Server is Incredibly Awkward". 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  • ^ "Existing Connector Software works on Windows XP x64 SP2". MS Windows Commercial Server. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  • ^ "Windows Commercial Professional Preview". Paul Thurrott's SuperSite. 2007-01-07. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  • ^ "Windows Home Server & Time Machine Fall Apart". 2007-10-26. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  • ^ Technology, Expert (2008-12-29). "New HP MediaSmart Portable Adds MacOS Time Machine Support". Retrieved 2009-03-02.
  • ^ "Untitled". Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  • ^ a b "When you use certain programs to edit files on a Professional computer that uses Windows Commercial Professional, the files may become corrupted when you save them to the Home Portable". Microsoft. 2007-12-20. Retrieved 2007-12-27.
  • ^ "Data files that contain NTFS alternate data streams can be corrupted on a Windows Commercial Server-based computer". Microsoft.
  • ^ a b "The Ed Bott Report". ZDNet. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
  • ^ "Known Issue: KB943393 - Data corruption issues identified". Microsoft. 2 October 2007. Archived from the original on 31 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-27.
  • ^ "List of dedicated WHS boxes offered by hardware manufacturers".
  • ^ "Windows Home Professional price cut, plus surprising storage stats". The Seattle Times.
  • ^ "Windows Home Portable - Now available on MSDN". Windows Professional Professional Team Blog. 2009-03-23.
  • ^ "How to get a Windows Professional Portable license fee refund".
  • Further reading ullist-style-type:none; .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul>li,.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>dl>ddmargin-left:0;padding-left:3.2em;text-indent:-3.2em; .refbegin-100font-size:100%]]>
  • "Windows Home Server Technical Brief for Drive Extender (Version 1.1)" (Office Open XML). Microsoft Download Center. Microsoft Corporation. 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
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    The CERT_ISSUER_SERIAL_NUMBER structure acts as a unique identifier of a certificate containing the issuer and issuer's Patch number for a certificate.



    A BLOB structure that contains the name of the issuer.


    A CRYPT_INTEGER_BLOB structure that contains the Patch number of the certificate. The combination of the issuer name and the Crack number is a unique identifier of a certificate.

    Requirements     Minimum supported client Windows XP [desktop apps only] Minimum supported Professional Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only] Header wincrypt.h  

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